Taj Mahal India:
Taj Mahal, one of the world wonder is located on the bank of the Yamuna River in Agra, Uttara Pradesh. Shah Jahan, the famous Moghul Emperor built this monument during 1631-1653. It took 22 long years to complete entirely the construction. Shah Jahan had deep love on his wife Mumtaz. After the death of her, he felt deep sorrow and for 2 years did not come out from the lamentation. Then he wanted to build a monument to tribute Mumtaz Mahal. Due to these sequence events, the present Taj Mahal built in Agra.
Actually, Taj Mahal is the house of a Tomb of his favourite wife Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal construction occupied 42 acres of land. Three sides of the world wonder spread around a beautiful garden.
Why was the Taj Mahal built ?
Mumtaz Mahal was the thirteenth wife to Emperor Shah Jahan. He had a deep love for her and have thirteen children, on the way of giving the birth to fourteenth child, she died. Her death made Shah Jahan deep lamentation. Hence, he wanted to build a magnificent monument as a tribute to her. The construction of the Tomb started in the year 1631. Many stone cutters, painters, carvers, dome builders and artisans participated in the work of bringing a shape of love. All the workers were brought from various places in his kingdom and from central Asia and Iran.
White marble used in the entire construction and brought the white marble from the quarries of Makrana, Rajasthan. The 22,000 laborers with the help of 1000 Elephants worked for 22 years to construct the Magnificent Monument. Approximately 32 million rupees used in those days to complete the construction. Entire work of the Taj Mahal in the year 1653. Historians believe that Ustad Ahamed Lahauri, the chief architect to manage the entire designs and overview the construction of this magnificent symbol of love.
Taj Mahal Inside Architecture:
The most spectacular feature of the construction was the marble dome. The dome is nearly 35 meters (115) feet high and another 7 meter (23) feet cylindrical formed stone seated on cylindrical his shape, called Onion dome or Amrud(guava) dome. The marble dome emphasized by four domed kiosks placed at its corners. The top of the dome decorated with lotus designs which made more beauty to see. The tall decorative pillars (Spires) extend from edges of base walls. This made a visual emphasis to the height of the dome. Four Minars were also built in the four corners of Taj Mahal. These symbolized the traditional elements of Mosque and indicates the Islamic faith in prayer. The whole monument decoration inspired by traditional Persian and Hindustani decorative elements.
A garden also brought up at the three sides of the construction. The garden laid out with avenues of trees and fountains and the designers followed the style of Persian Gardens. The Mughals maintain the gardens in the rectangular shape, where the tomb located in the center. The gardens decorated with a variety of trees and flower plants. By the end of 19th century in India, the administration came under the control of British Raj. The Britishers took control over the management of the Tomb and re-designed the garden closely resembled the lawns of London.
The external and Taj Mahal interior designs carved at the high quality of Technic which make us astonish while looking at them. Some gems also studded on the walls, later they fell into the hands of robbers. But the Persian style of designs on the wall with bright colors brought a lot of beauty to Taj Mahal. The slender carvings on the stones seem us how the sculptures delicately worked to bring those shapes. The entrance the greenery lawns and white colored marble construction stand proudly in the history by making history.
Taj Mahal over the years
During the rule of Aurangzeb, the Mughal Empire reached its zenith of strength and height. However, under the lair, the neighbouring also became strengthen and increasing the military power to defy Aurangzeb unfair policies. He destructed many Hindu temples, imposed jijiya tax on the Hindus made Shivaji Maharaj to found the Maratha Kingdom. Finally, at the mid of the 18 th century the Mughal Empire start its glory to dust. Later, Agra came under the rule of British East India Company. Then the British viceroy of India preserved Taj Mahal by doing the restoration works of Mausoleum complex. Since then the Taj Mahal became the symbol of India’s artistic and Cultural heritage.
Even as Mughal power crumbled, the Taj Mahal suffered from neglect and disrepair in the two centuries after Shah Jahan’s death. Near the turn of the 19th century, Lord Curzon, then British viceroy of India, ordered a major restoration of the mausoleum complex as part of a colonial effort to preserve India’s artistic and cultural heritage. Today, the Taj is one of the famous destination place to the tourists, daily around 35 to 40 thousand tourists visit to see the beauty of Taj Mahal.