Bidar Fort is one of the beautiful and magnificent construction which is located in Bidar city in Karnataka State, India. This Fort constructed along with many Islamic monuments by Sultan Alla-Ud DinBahman. His first capital was Gulbarga and later years around 1427 AD the capital shifted to Bidar. We can see here nearly 30 monumentsinside of Bidar Fort.
Bidar For History
The Bidar Fort was built by Ahmad Shah Wali Bahman who belongs to Bahman dynasty in 1427 AD. It was an unique construction with double lines of defensive fortifications. The local intended that the old fort was located in the western portion of the present day fort. The beauty of the fort had written in the book Tarikh-i-Firishta. This book was written by the famousPersian scholar Firishta during the period of 1560 CE TO 1620 CE. At first the the Prince Ulugh Khan who belonged to the Tughlaq dynasty captured in 1321 and later he became the Sultan Muhammad Bin Tughluq of Delhi.
Later the years the Bahmani Sultan Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah occupied the Bidar and made it as his capital and ruled in the name of Bahmani Kingdom. During the rule of Ahmad Shah, the old Fort was renovated and constructed numerous madarsas, Mosques. He also concentrated to rebuilt the old fort for further security processes. The walls of the fort were completely constructed out of stone and used the mortar. The construction of the fort was constructed in the style of Turkish and Persian Architects.
In 1619, the fort was conquered by Bijapur Sultanate. Later, it fall in the hands of Aurangzeb, the Mughal Empire in 1657 CE. In 1724 CE, the fort came under the rule of Hyderabad Nizam Nawab Mir Sa’id Muhammad Khan. Finally it became the part of Mysore state, the present day Karnataka.
The fort contains seven gates which are named as
1. The Kalyani Darwaza
- The Delhi Darwaza.
- The Mandu Darwaza, this is the main gate to enter.
- The Carnatic Darwaza.
- The Kalmadgi Darwaza.
The remaining two Darwazas has no names.