Shivappa Nayaka History
Shivappa Nayaka the famous ruler in South India during the 17th century AD, known as Keladi Shivappa Nayaka, who ruled the Keladi Nayaka Kingdom from 1645 to 1660 AD. Generally, the Keladi Nayakas belonged to Veerashaiva Lingayath Community, which is now agitating for special religious status in Karnataka State, India. The Community fought against the Vijayanagara Empire and occupied the Coastal and Malnad districts of Karnataka in the late 16th century. At the beginning the Lingayaths were the Nayakas to various kings, later succeeded in building their own kingdom with few territories such was Mysore, Bayaluseeme districts. Among them Shivappa Nayaka was one, hence introduced may tax systems which were called Sist. So that his name got famous as Sistina Shivappa Nayaka.
Shivappa Nayaka Conquests
The King enthrones as the king in 1645 AD, named as an influential administrator and soldier. During his rule, Vijayanagara Empire was defeated by Bijapur Sultanate, then the empire Shriranga Raya II came to Shivappa as a refuge to save his family lives. In those days, the British and Portuguese were planning to evolute their commanding power on local leaders slowly. Especially, in South India, the Portuguese infiltrating into local administrations. Then Shivappa Nayaka eliminated their treat in 1653 and occupied Mangalore, Kundapura, and Honnavar. Even he marched to Kerala to expand the boundaries of the Kingdom and installed the Pillar of Victory at Nileshvara. Although, he concentrated on the protection of his territories. So that the king built the forts of Chandragiri, Bekal, and Mangalore.
As a daring warrior, he fought against the Bijapur Sultanate and captured the modern Dharwad District. Even he invaded Srirangapatnam and succeeded in forming the power in South Karnataka. He captured all Portuguese Coastal territories and was the cause to destroy the Portuguese power in Karnataka, Kerala regions.
Shivappa Nayaka introduced a new revenue tax system which called Sist. Which was similar to the Mughal Emperor Akbar introduced the tax system. According to the tax system, the agriculture lands divided into five types and provided the water irrigation system. This system was very familiar to every farmer, the irrigation taxed in varying amounts based on the group of the division.
He followed the Hindu Vedic rituals and gave preference to the Hindu Advaita theory, which founded by Adi Shankara Charya. He gave preference to Vedic sacrifices and orthodox rituals. Even though, he gave equal priority to other religions such as Islam, Christianity. Hence, he gave cultivate land to the Christians to lead their life.