Mumtaz Mahal History

Mumtaz Mahal Shah Jahan Spouse

Mumtaz Mahal was born on 27 April 1593 AD in a Persian Noble family. Her father Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, a nobleman, worked as a high officer in the Mughal Empire. Her real name was Arjumand Banu Begum and Nur Jahan the wife of Mughal Emperor Jahangir was her aunt. Taj Mahal was constructed in the name of Mumtaz Mahal. She married to Prince Shah Jahan at the age of 19. Later the marriage, the Prince conferred upon her the title ‘Mumtaz Mahal’. She was the second wife and bore her husband fourteen children. She gave birth to the crown prince Dara Shikoh and to Aurangzeb the successor to Shah Jahan and sixth Mughal Emperor.

mumtaz mahal

Mumtaz was a brilliant learner and had very talent in learning new things. She had the command of Persian and Arabic languages and composed many poems in those languages. She was straight forward and move modestly towards the elders. In the teenage, attracted many Nobles and princes. Jahangir heard of her beauty and wanted to make marriage her with Shah Jahan. However, Shah Jahan and Mumtaz came together in their teenage. Finally, celebrated the marriage on April 1612 AD. It was the third marriage to Shah Jahan. Even though Shahjahan spent most of his time with the third wife and showed little interest in first two wives.

Mumtaz Mahal Love story

In 1628 AD, Mumtaz husband Shah Jahan became the Emperor of Mughal Empire. He designated her as the chief consort and gave the titles of ‘Malika-i-Jahan, which means Lady of the world and Malika-uz-Zamani means ‘Lady of the age’. The queen’s residence was a beautiful palace decorated with gold, precious stones and installed rose water fountains. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal spent most of their time at the place Every month the Emperor gave a regular monthly allowance but paid the highest allowance of 10 lakh rupees per year to Mumtaz Mahal in those days.

His remaining wives paid allowance very little to compare to Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal travelled all over Mughal Empire, gave the highest honour by giving imperial seal. But She had not interested in political affairs as Nurzahan. Mumtaz was very fond of writing poetry, so patronized a number of poets and writers. She had also helped the family members of the poor scholars, poets and pious men. Mahal was interested in watching army performances for the court. She spent most of the time on the banks of the river Yamuna and contributed to constructing a beautiful architecture known as Zahara Bagh. We can see it till now. It was the only construction, which constructed by her.


mumtaz mahal

The queen travelled with Shah Jahan, even when pregnant. She also travelled in military campaigns even in rebellion attacks. She had also accompanied with Shah Jahan while fighting in Deccan Plateau. There on 17 June 1631 AD, at the age of 38, she died while giving birth to her 14th child. So her body temporary buried at Burhanpur in a garden on the banks of the Tapti River. Then Mumtaz husband Shah Jahan felt deep sorrow and takes a long time to come out from his lamentation. Later the Emperor planned to construct Taj Mahal in the memory of his wife. The Taj construction took 22 years to complete. Later the body buried inside of Tajmahal, which is the white marble magnificent construction.