Aryabhatta is one of the great Mathematician in ancient times. He was born in 476 AD at kusumapura or Pataliputra. He was the head of the Kusumapara Institution which organized by Nalanda University. The University was very famous in those days and attracted the students from all over the world. Even the Chinese, Japanese, Tibetans and many students cross the Himalayas for the purpose of joining in Nalanda University.
Hence, he deals with both mathematics and astronomy. At the age of 23 years, he wrote two books on Mathematics and Astronomy, which contains 121 stanzas. The text consists of 108 verses and 13 introductory verses. Aryabhatta divided these stanzas into four chapters which called Padas. They are 1. Gitika Pada 2. Ganita pada. 3. Kalakriya Pada 4. Gola Pada
- Gitika Pada: 13 stanzas mentioned in this pada. Analyzed basic definition of astronomic parameters and tables. The duration of planetary revolutions also discussed.
- Ganita pada: 33 stanzas were written in this pada. In this book, he discussed geometrical figures with their properties and mensuration, series, linear and quadratic equations, square roots, cube roots salvation also discussed.
- Kalakriya pada: 25 stanzas were written, which indicates the true position of Sun, Moon and Plants.
- Gola pada: 50 stanzas mentioned, these stanzas deals with the motion of Sun, Moon and Plants.
Aryabhatta Contribution to Mathematics:
He brought the theories in ‘Numbers’. They are Notation system, place value, square root and cube root, interest formulas.
Algebra:integer solutions, indeterminate equations, identities, algebraic quantities, mathematics series.
Geometry: Discovered the Pi value, Pythagorean theorems, Circle theorems, and formulas.
Trigonometry: Sine table
Aryabhatta Contribution to Astronomy
He explained the cause of eclipses of Sun and Moon. He gave the perfect value of circumference of the Earth. Aryabhatta valued the length of the year 365 days 6 hours 12 minutes and 30 seconds.
He was a great Mathematician but also astronomer. Aryabhatta contribution of the Mathematics was glorious and admirable. Still, his theories are the sources to do some estimations by astronomers. Without proper instruments, he measured the distance and the value of circumferences makes an influence on the Modern scientists. In appreciation of his great contributions to Mathematics and astronomy, the Indian Government honored him by named the first satellite of India as his name Aryabhatta.
Since his childhood days, Aryabhata was very brilliant in studies and eager to learn new things. Especially, mathematics attracted him and did many experements before the higher education. When his studies completed in local gurus, he wanted to study higher education by going to University in Kusumapura. So joined in Kusumapura university for advanced studied and lived there up to his education. There he studied the Buddhist and Hindu traditions and understand the internal meanings of Hindu scriptures written by sages. During the education, his tremendous talent in education made him kulapati to one of the institution at Kusumapura.
According to the historians, he was also became head of the Nalanda University in Pataliputra. The Pataliputra had an astronomical observatory, which was installed and observed into Universe by Aryabatta. Though, He contributed to set up an observatory at the Sun temple in Taregana, Bihar.