Humayun tomb is one of the famous Mughal Architecture in India. it was built in 1570 AD, also a mausoleum for Mughal Emperor Humayun. The tomb was the first garden based construction in India. Hence It has cultural significance, surprisingly the architecture of the tomb is very similar to Taj Mahal, the seventh wonder of the world. The constructors used Red and white sandstones to bring a magnificent look to the spectators. Hamida Banu Begam, the wife of Humayun erected and spared 1.5 million rupees for the construction in those days. The historians believed that Hamida Banu only designed the Humayun tomb and gave suggestions to the Chief Architect.
Humayun Tomb History:
Humayun was the second emperor of the Mughal Empire, eldest son of Babur. He ruled Mughal Empire for ten years with benevolent thoughts. He didn’t concentrate on expanding the Empire. However, the famous Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun and expel him from India to Afghanistan. Then Humayun flees to the court of Safavid Ruler, the Afghanistan ruler and asked for his assistant to regain the abanded kingdom. As a friend, Safavid Ruler helped Humayun to regain Delhi in 1555 AD. Again he didn’t rule a long time, unfortunately, fell from the stairs of the Sher Mandal Library and died. Then his wife Hamida Banu Begum asked her choristers to build a magnificent tomb to honor her husband.
Due to her thoughts, Humayun tomb construction started in 1562 AD and took 8 years to complete. The famous architectures Sayyed Muhammad and his father Mirak Ghiyathuddin, who belonged to Herat City, planned the construction style and played the chief constructors of the Historical construction.
Humayun Tomb Architecture:
The Tomb made a lot of impact on the later Mughal Rulers, in later years the Emperors constructed many mausoleums in India and Pakistan. The tomb is very similar to Bibi Khan and Timur, which at Samarkand. According to Islam, the paradise is always seated in the middle of the garden with water flowing through it. So there a beautiful garden was brought up around the Humayun Tomb.
The garden arranged geometrically, and we can see some similarities between Tam Mahal and Humayun Tomb’s gardens. The garden divided into four and filled with a grid of water channels and paths. The gardens laid as the Persian garden styles and the visitors can amuse by looking at them. In later years the garden was gradually filled with the tombs of Mughal descendants. Some Mughal emperors also buried in the Mausoleum. In India or elsewhere we can’t see such high number of tombs at one place. The Humayun tomb stands on a 7-meter massive platform and used red sandstone for the construction and black and yellow marble used to the Tomb itself. The height of the Humayun’s tomb is nearly 47 meters and width 91 meters.
World Heritage Site Humayun Tomb
Now the Archaeological Survey of India looking after the tomb under their ownership. This is the first Mughal architecture in India with high arches and double domes. The design of the Taj Mahal also inspired from the Humayun’s Tomb. It is one of the UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.