Babur The Founder of Mughal Empire
Babur The Founder of Mughal Empire:
Babur the founder of Mughal Empire in India. He was born on 14 February 1483 AD. His full name was Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur. He was the strong Orthodox Sunni Muslim. His father was a ruler of a small sovereignty of Farghana. When Babur was only 11 years old, he came to the throne as a king. He faced many attacks from Persians and Afghans. Then he flees from his kingdom and arranged some powerful soldiers and cannons to invade India. He had also a dream to rule central Asia, So he leads his army to the fertile plain of India.
Forming Mughal Dynasty
At the meantime, North India had been ruled by Afghan chieftains Lodis. Ibraheem Lodi, was the ruler of Delhi and had a large army and one of the strongest kings of India. Before facing Ibraheem Lodi, Babur reattacked Lodi-governed Punjab several times. Finally, in 1526 AD, he directly attacked Lodi’s army at Panipat and defeated Ibraheem Lodi with his strong 12000 men, which was very less than the Ibrahim Lodi’s army.
Babur settled in Delhi and founded Mughal dynasty in India. Later he started to expand his kingdom to form Mughal Dynasty. In the way, he defeated strong Rajputs, which had eighty thousand strong army men. Generally, Babur was a strong soldier and had magnificent skills about the wars. He used the cannons properly in the battles and made the enemies fear and caused to flee from the battlefields. Babur always concentrates on the training of the soldiers and had the best cavalry which effectively achieves the targets. With his battle skills he occupied the important places in North India, they are Punjab, Delhi, and Bihar. In South India he conquered Gwalior.
Babur was a good Soldier rather than the Politician. He believed that the governance depended not on pen the but on the sword. He divides his kingdom into many parts and appointed the particular ministers. They only ruled those parts and collect taxes from villagers and peasants. The collected tax used to maintain the army and remain sent to the treasury of Mughal Emperor. After the advent of Babur into India, the political scenario changed entirely in later years. Mostly he spent his time in the evolution of his kingdom.
Personally, Babur was very fond of listening Music and architecture. He interested in built beautiful architects, but time didn’t allow him to do so. But some believe that Babur built some mosques and gardens on the ruins of Hindu temples. The present Burning issue of demolishing of Babu rMosque in Ayodhya also believed that he destroyed then the Lord Rama temple and constructed the Mosque on the Pillars of the Temple. We can find his entire life story from the chronicles of Babarnama. Which is also a masterpiece of literature in Urdu. He died on 30 December 1530 AD at the age of forty-eight, later Humayun came to the throne as his successor.