Hindi Language History
Hindi, the primary official language of India, belonged to the Indo-European language. Mainly the people in Northern and Central India communicate in the Hindi language. Many other Indian languages, such also bound the language are Punjabi, Urdu, Gujarati, and Sindi—North West Bengali on the East and Nepal on the North.
45% of the Indian population speaks Hindi, which is widely spoken worldwide. According to 1991, 337 million Indians’ mother tongue is Hindi which is 40% population of Indians.
According to International’s ethnology, 300 million people use the language as their second language and 180 million people’s mother tongue is Hindi. In Nepal, 8 million people speak Hindi, 390,000 in South Africa, 685,000 in Mauritius, 317,000 in the U.S., 233,000 in Yemen and 30,000 in Germany and some other countries also contain recordable people speaking in Hindi.
Hindi language Origin
Hindi is a descendant of Sanskrit and belongs to the Indo-Aryan language family. The earliest Aryan settlers in North India followed this and evaluated from classical Sanskrit to Pali-Prakrit and Apabhransha periods. The Earliest Hindi language presence of evidence can be traced back to the 10th century A.D. and is precisely like the Devanagari script. The National Language of India ranked third in the world and is widely spoken worldwide. Approximately six hundred million people worldwide speak Hindi as their first or Second language.
This is India’s national language and the six states’ regional language. They are Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh. Nearly 437 million people from all over the world speak.
Hindi language authentic poetry took its form in the 10th century and has been constantly modified in later years. The literature is divided into four stages according to its History. They are Adikal (the early period), Bhakti Kal (The Devotional Period), Ritikal (The scholastic period) and Adhunikkal (the Modern Period).
The first one, Adikal, starts from the 10th century to the early 14th century. The second one Bhakti Kal thrived from the 14th to the 17th century. During this period, many Muslim rulers invaded India, occupied India’s territories, and stressed the people to convert to Islam. They also instruct the Hindus to follow Islamic customs and rituals. Then the Hindus were entirely discouraged by the effect on their culture. The third one is Riti Kal; during this period, the poets of Ritikal were classified into two groups, they are Ritibaddha, who was wedded to rhetorics and Ritimukta, who were free from rhetorical conventions—final and fourth one is Modern Hindi Literature; modern Hindi literature is divided into four phases. The first phase is Bharatendu or the Renaissance (1899-1893 ), Dwivedi Yug ( 1893-1918 ), Chhayavade Yug ( 1918-37) and the contemporary period (1937 onwards).
The famous Hindi language Poet Bharatender Harishchandra transformed old Hindi literature into a Modern outlook. So he was called as ‘Father of Modern Hindi Literature’. Later Prasad Dwivedi brought a refined style of Hindi poetry. Hindi is the dominant language in Northern states and Union territories of India. So Linguistic scholars called these areas as Hindi Belt. The Hindi language also influenced the remaining other states. They are like Mumbai, Chandigarh, Ahmadabad, Kolkata and Hyderabad.