Hyderabad is the Capital of Telangana State. It is the most famous city in India with the population of 6.7 million. The city occupied 650 square kilometres. The city is situated on hilly terrain around artificial lakes. It is famous for IT industry, biopharmaceutical sector and the Telugu film industry. Hyderabad hotels have a good tribute in the service of guests.
The city has a history of nearly 400 years. After Quli Qutab Shah seized power from the Bahamani kingdom in 1512, established Golconda city and the Qutub Shahi dynasty. Lack of water felicity and epidemics like the plague and other caused Quli Qutub Shahi to found a new capital named Bhagyanagar, besides Mussi River. Bhagamathi wife to Quli Qutub shah became Hyder Mahal and thus the name of the city changed from Bhagyanagar to Hyderabad.
The Qutb Shahis ruled for 171 years. All the rulers ruled the kingdom with good administration. They were the good patrons of Art and Culture. They contributed the growth of Indo-Persian and Indo-Islamic literature and culture in this city. The region was famous for marketing diamonds, pearls, steel for arms and printed fabric.
In 1687 Aurangzeb the great Mughal ruler captured Golconda Fort from Abdul Hasan shah, the last king of Golconda. After the complete conquest of Deccan, Aurangzeb shifted the capital from Hyderabad to Aurangabad.
In 1724 the Deccan Governor Mir Quamaruddin declared Independence from Mughal rule and became the first Nizam and founded ‘Asif Jahi Dynasty’.
In 1769, Nizam Alikhan shifted again the capital from Aurangabad to Hyderabad. The Asif Jahi dynasty was ruled nearly 224 years, right from 1769 to 1948. Hyderabad ruled under the Nizam, which was the largest Princely state in India.
After India gained Independence, Indian Government did the Police action on Hyderabad. Finally, the princely state became a part in Union India.
Art and Handicrafts:
Hyderabad style of paintings was developed during 16th century. The style of paintings with techniques blending in the style of Vijayanagara paintings. During the Nizam period, Mughal painting style was influenced the local Artists. The artists followed to use bright colours and adopted the objects from regional landscapes, culture, costume and Jewellery.
Music and Films:
The classical dances Bharata Natyam and Kuchipudi are very popular in Deccan region. The local music was very familiar to the people. Mughals and Nizams contributed to popularise North Indian Musical style and dances in their kingdom. The rulers appointed the teachers to teach to the children about singing, dancing, poetry and other cultural activities, encouraged the artists, dancers to perform their skills on the occasional days to appease the kings, courtiers as well as the people.
Tollywood film industry is very famous in India. All the film actors and actresses have been living in Film Nagar. Tollywood produces the second largest number of films in India. The city has also hosted International film festivals. Ramoji film city one of the world’s largest film studio, where the facilities are being provided to shoot the films.
Ten best tourist places in Hyderabad:
- Birla Temple – Religious sight.
- Chilukuru Balaji Temple – Religious sight.
- Salar Jung Museum – Treasure of old monuments.
- Taj Falaknuma Palace – Attractive Architectural Buildings.
- Nehru Zoological park – zoos.
- Charminar – Monument.
- Mecca masjid – Religious place.
- Qutab Shahi Tombs – Monuments.
- Tank Bund – Scenic place.
- Buddha Statue _ Religious and scenic place.
The Famous Hyderabad hotels:
The city hotels are famous for the Hyderabad biryani. The hotels’ rates are bearable to the middle-class people
Ella suites hotel.
Ista Hyderabad hotel.
The Golkonda Hyderabad hotel.
The Park Hyderabad hotel.