Sanskrit language, mother of all languages and known as India’s classical language. It is one of the 23 official languages of India and belonged to Indic group of language family of Indo–European. Therefore Indian religious books in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism also first written in Sanskrit. The language also famous as the mother of all languages. In ancient times the Rishis used this language frequently. At present scientists find out that Sanskrit is the best language for computer programs. Due to these qualities, the Literature had a rich quality of express and the themes with magnificent Sanskrit letters.
Sanskrit means decorated or produced in perfect form. However, the language pronunciation is very clear and entire Puranas, Epics, Vedas and Upanishads wrote in the same language. Hindus believe that the language is very sacred and the holy ceremonies and rituals performed in the Sanskrit language.
Sanskrit born thousands of years ago and one of the oldest known languages in the world. The Sanskrit also called ‘Dev Vani’, which means the language of Gods. According to Hindu Puranas, Lord Brahma introduced the Sanskrit language to the Sages of celestial bodies. Since the Sanskrit language has belonged to the Indo-European language family of India Sub-Continent.
In the 18th century, linguistics discovered that the language had similarities with Latin and Greek. Still, the Linguistics gathering evidence to accept Sanskrit origin has happened in India. Around 1500 B.C. The ancient Hindu Rishis formed and wrote the Puranas and other holy books of Hindus in the Sanskrit language. The Rishis handed the knowledge of Vedas to their disciples through orally. We can find the oldest Sanskrit letters in Rigveda, which contains the collection of thousand Hindu Hymns.
During 500 B.C. – 1000 A.D. Sanskrit turn as the classical language. Therefore the Hindu epics Ramayana, Mahabharata also wrote` in Sanskrit. Panini the famous Sanskrit scholar wrote Sanskrit grammar to understand the theme of the complicated language to the common people. The same grammar also using at present also. Philosophy, Science, Astronomy and medicine books also wrote in classical Sanskrit. Hence many ancient scholars, poets and Rishis contributed to Sanskrit literature.
Sanskrit script based on Devanagari and Brahmi. Sage Panini wrote Sanskrit grammar produced around the 4th century B.C. his grammar book calls Ashtadhyani, the book discussed the details of how language works and the same book is the basis for modern Sanskrit grammar. The language grammar is very difficult to learn and an enormous vocabulary. The famous Hindu philosophical concept Davaita, Advaita and Vishistadvaita also written in Sanskrit. The famous Sanskrit poet Kalidasa wrote famous stories and Plays in Sanskrit. According to 2001 Indian census calculated only 14,135 people speak Sanskrit fluently around India. Some other countries like Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Japan and China has also some Sanskrit language speakers.