Brihadeeswara Temple is one of the most spectacular pieces of Indian Architecture. It is a magnificent temple, which is in Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu, India. It is the Adobe of Lord Shiva. Hindu devotees worship the God with the utmost respect. It is not only a holy place but also world heritage site and attracting the Tourists from all over the world.
History of Brihadeeswara Temple:
During the Chola Kingdom, the king Raja Raja Chola-1 extended his kingdom by defeating the enemy kings. To honor his victories in his reign, he intended to build a big temple to honor Lord Shiva. This duty allotted to famous architect Sama Varma. Sama Varma designed according to the ideas of Raja Raja Chola. Cholas the great patrons of art supported him in every way to construct the temple. It took 12 long years to complete and Raja Raja Chola performed the first Kumbh-Abhishek am.
The architecture of Brihadeeswara Temple:
The boundary walls are very high. The entrance of the temple leads to a huge rectangular encloses. The Inner part of the temple divided into parts, and each part allotted to the musicians, workers, priests and public. There are long corridors around the main temple. At the eastern and western ends of the corridors having 108 Shivalingas were arranged.
The main attraction of the temple is Vimana built over the sanctum, which is 216 feet high. This made of black granite and weighing around 80 tons. How the workers brought to that height is still a surprising doubt. Another interesting sculpture is Nandi in 25 tons weight, 12 feet height, 19.5 feet length and 18.25 feet in width. The Nandi seated place called Nayak Mandapam.
Garbhagriha of Brihadeeswara temple:
The inner wall of the garbhagriha has sculpted 108 dance poses called Karmas performed by Lord Shiva himself. The Shiva Lingam is called Peruvudaiya, Rasjarajeshwaramudvya. It is a huge Lingam. Raja Raja Chola-1 crowded it with 12.5 feet tall finial of 9.25 kilogram of Choppers plated with 800 grams gold. The temple has a spacious ground, the number of pillared halls, shrines, and 250 Lingams.
The chief architect Samavarama designed a unique structure of Brihadeeswara temple because no shadows of the temple cast on the ground at any season of the year. The temple is the great contribution of Chola dynasty to the Dravidian style of temple architecture.
The temple is famous for its Art on the ceilings. We can see the Fresco paintings in the ceiling of the corridors. The paintings of these ceilings still bright in colour and not faded since 1000 years.