Bhagat Singh Biography
Bhagat Singh is one of the freedom fighters of India and was born on September 27, 1907, in a Sikh family in Banga Village, Punjab Province. His father was Kishan Singh’s mother, Vidyavathi. When Bhagat Singh was born, Kishan Singh was in jail. Earlier, the family had been involved in revolutionary activities against the Britishers. His grandfather Arjun Singh, the freedom fighter who followed Dayananda Saraswathi’s Hindu reformist movement’ Arya Samaj’. His Uncle, Sardar Ajith Singh, was a great freedom fighter. With the influences of his elders, he read revolutionary movements and was attracted to anarchist and Marxist ideologies. In 1919, when he was 12, he visited the Jallianwal Bagh massacre site, where General Dyer’s cruel decision killed unarmed people. The incident made to create ‘Bhagat Singh History’ as an essential page in the Indian Freedom struggle.
Bhagath Singh History-Making:
He was one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian Nationalist movement. When Gandhiji declared the non-cooperation movement against the Britishers. Bhagat Singh followed Gandhi’s wishes by burning Government sponsored books. After the violent ‘Chauri Chaura’ incident, Gandhi called off the Non-cooperation movement. This decision made Bhagat and the freedom fighters despair. The freedom fighter Bhagat Singh isolated himself from Gandhiji and joined the Young Revolutionary movement.
He founded the Indian Nationalist Youth Organisation Naujawan Bharat Sabha in March 1926. The warrior also joined Hindustan Republican Association which had prominent leaders such as Chandra Sekhar Azad.
Bhagat Singh Marriage:
The Shaheed left home for Kanpur when his parents tried to get him married. He wanted to remain a freedom fighter, so he said if he married an enslaved person in India. My life is dedicated to the noblest cause, the country’s freedom. Therefore, no rest or worldly desire can lure me now. We can understand these words how he determined to break the fatal chains of Bharata Mata.
Bhagat Singh against the British Raj:
In 1928 British Government set up the Simon Commission to report on the political situation in India. All Indian political parties boycotted the commission when they visited Lahore. Lala Lajpat Rai, the great freedom fighter, led a march against the commission. Police moved rudely on the movements, and the protest turned violent. The Superintendent of Police, James A. Scott, ordered Lati to Charge the protesters. In this incident, Rai was injured Severely and died later.
The HSRA vowed to avenge Rai’s death. The group Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar and Chandrashaker Azad decided to kill James A. Scott. But their mistaken identity and the plotters killed John: P Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of police. The police launched a massive search operation to catch them, but they escaped to Howrah. On April 8, 1929, Bhagat Singh, accompanied by Batukeshwar Dutt, threw two bombs into the Assembly chamber from its public gallery. Later, both were not tried to escape; instead, they stayed shouting the slogan ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ (long live the revolution). Then the British Police arrested them.
Bhagath Singh Death:
During the interrogation of British authorities about the Assembly bombing case, they learned about their involvement in the murder of J.P. Saunders. Singh admitted the murder and made statements against British rule in India. He found the jail officers showing discriminated treatment among the Indian prisoners and foreign prisoners. Therefore the fighter declares a ‘hunger strike’ with some fellow prisoners. The hunger strike continued for over a month, and the British agreed to change their attitude and bring equal facilities in the prison to the prisoners.
The three members were found guilty of the assembly bombing and Saunder’s murder. With the judgment of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged on March 23, 1931.
Like this, the freedom fighter’s courageous soul left for heaven.