Bhagat Singh Biography
Bhagat Singh is one of the freedom fighters of India and born on 27 Sep 1907 in a Sikh family in Banga Village, Punjab Province. His father was Kishan Singh mother Vidyavathi, when Bhagat Singh born Kishan Singh was in the jail. Earlier the family had been involved in revolutionary activities against Britishers. His grandfather Arjun Singh, the freedom fighter who followed Dayananda Saraswathi’s Hindu reformist movement ‘Arya Samaj’. His Uncle Sardar Ajith Singh, a great freedom fighter. With the influences of his elders, he read revolutionary movements and attracted to anarchist and Marxist ideologies. In 1919, when he was 12, visited the site of Jallianwal Bagh massacre where the unarmed people were killed by the cruel decision of General Dyer. The incident made to create ‘Bhagat Singh History’ as an important page in Indian Freedom struggle.
Bhagath Singh History Making:
He was one of the most influential revolutionaries of Indian Nationalist movement. When Gandhiji declared the non-cooperation movement against the Britishers. Bhagat Singh followed the Gandhi’s wishes by burning Government sponsored books. After the violent incident of ‘Chauri Chaura’, Gandhi called off the Non-cooperation movement. This decision made Bhagat and the freedom fighters despair. The freedom fighter Bhagat Singh isolated himself from Gandhiji and joined the Young Revolutionary movement.
He founded the Indian Nationalist Youth Organisation Naujawan Bharat Sabha in March 1926. The warrior also joined Hindustan Republican Association which had prominent leaders such as Chandra Sekhar Azad.
Bhagat Singh Marriage:
The Shaheed left home for Kanpur when his parents tried to get him married. He wants to remain as a freedom fighter so he said if he married in slave India. My life dedicated to the noblest cause, that of the freedom of the country. Therefore, there is no rest or worldly desire that can lure me now. We can understand these words how he determined to break the fatal chains of Bharata Mata.
Bhagat Singh against the British Raj:
In 1928 British Government set up the Simon Commission to report on the political situation in India. All Indian political parties boycott the commission when they visited Lahore. Lala Lajpat Rai, the great freedom fighter led a march against the commission. Police move rudely on the movements and the march turned violent. The Superintendent of Police James A.Scott ordered Lati Charge on the protesters. In this incident, Rai injured Severely and died later.
The HSRA vowed to avenge Rai’s death. The group Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar and Chandrashaker Azad decided to kill James A. Scott. But their mistaken identity and the plotters killed John.P Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of police.The police launched a massive search operation to catch them, but escaped to Howrah. On 8 April 1929, Bhagat Singh accompanied by Batukeshwar Dutt and threw two bombs into the Assembly chamber from its public gallery. Later, both were not tried to escape from there, instead of that stayed shouting the slogans ‘Inquilab Zindabad’(long live the revolution). Then the British Police arrested them.
Bhagath Singh Death:
During the interrogation of British authorities about the Assembly bombing case, they came to know about their involvement in the murder of J.P.Saunders. Singh admitted the murder and made statements against the British rule in India. He found the jail officers showing discriminated treatment among the Indian prisoners and foreign prisoners. Therefore the fighter declares ‘hunger strike’ with some fellow prisoners. The hunger strike continued over a month and the British accepted to change their attitude and bring equal facilities in the prison to the prisoners.
The three members founded guilty of the assembly bombing and Saunder’s murder. With the judgment Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev hanged on March 23, 1931.
Like this, the freedom fighter’s courageous soul left to heaven.