Red Fort, one of the famous constructions of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. During his administration, he encouraged arts and constructions. Taj Mahal one of the seven wonders of the present world, also constructed by Shah Jahan. Among his constructions, Red Fort was one. On every Republic and Independence day celebrations conducted in the Fort and the Prime Minister of India gave his speeches from the Fort.
Red Fort Construction:
In 1639 Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan wanted to shift his capital from Agra City to Delhi to fulfill his motivated building plans. He founded new city Shahjahanabad and lay the foundation stone of Fort and constructed it with Red bricks gave it the name Red Fort. Now Shah Jahanabad known as old Delhi and the Fort is situated at the northern side of the town. The foundation stone held in 1639 and took nine years time to finish the construction of Red Fort. The fort constructed for comfortable to the residence. The Mughal rulers made the Fort as their capital till the regime of Last Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar. After Shah Jahan, all the rulers of Mughal emperor had been lived in Red Fort.
Archetect of Red Fort:
Previously the fort known as ‘Qila-e-Mubarak’, this was the residence for many Royal Families. When Shah Jahan want to shift his capital, he chose the ‘Qila-e-Mubarak’ to construct with superior architecture. So ‘Qila-e-Mubarak’ expanded over 250 acres and newly constructed the Fort with large Red sandstones.
The Architecture of The Fort:
The architecture of the Fort was very superior to Agra Fort. The architecture of the fort still shows us the magnificent architecture works of Mughal era. Shah Jahan constructed the fort but later rulers of Mughals did many alternations and studded varieties of Mughal designs to many parts of Red Fort. Bahadur Shah Zafar left the Fort to escape from the British in sense of participation in First Indian Freedom fight. Later British used the Fort for their army cantonment. After India got Independence, the fort used as army cantonment until early years of 21 st century. Later archaeological survey of India look after the fort and did many restoration works to attracts the tourists. Finally, in 2007, UNESCO declared the Fort as the world heritage site.
Red Fort After Mughals:
Red Fort, the great architectural piece of Mughal constructions. The Yamuna river water used for moat that surrounded the wall. After Aurunzab the Mughal Empire glory calms down slowly. There was no commendable emperor enthroned to control the Mughal empire. So in 1752 Marathas became the guardians of the Mughal regime. Around 1761 AD in Panipat war the Marathas lose their grip on Delhi and again Ahmad Shah Abdali ride Delhi.
After Mughal Rule:
In 1803 the British force conquered the Marathas and again Mughals took control in Delhi city and Red fort and restored the power. Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last ruler of Mughal dynasty and the last inhabit of the Fort, Delhi. There were allegations about Bahadur Shah Zafer support to India’s first freedom struggle, so the British arrested him and his two sons were shot dead. Like this, the glory of Mughal dried up and remained the Red Fort to bring back the glory of Mughals.