Golconda Fort has a vast history and the fort acquiring an important role in the Indian History. The name Golconda originated from the Telugu language. The two words ‘Golla’ and ‘Konda’, which means ‘Shepherd’s hill, the two Telugu words joined in later years and called Golconda. Like this, the name Golconda came to the Fort.
Golconda Fort History:
At first, the Kakatiya rulers built the Fort in 1143 AD. But in 1364 AD Bahamani sultans seized the Fort and merged into their kingdom. Later in 1507 AD Quli Qutub Shahi fortified the fort and modified the Golconda fort as a structure for defence. Golconda Fort lies on the Western outskirts of Hyderabad city. We can see majestic and imposing monuments in Hyderabad. Hyderabad has 400 years rich cultural heritage. Golconda Fort was famous for Diamonds, Darya-e-Nur means ‘Sea of Light’, measuring 185 carats Diamond was mined in Golconda. This Diamond is now in Iran. People Believe that the renowned diamonds Hope Diamond and Regent Diamonds have also been mined here.
Story Behind Golconda Fort:
There is an interesting story behind the construction of ‘Golla Konda’. One fine morning a Shepherded boy came to the Rocky hill called “mangalavaram’ for grazing sheep. While he was looking after the sheep, he came across an Idol. Then the boy conveyed the news to then Kakatiya ruler. The king visits the holy place and immersed into devotion. Later he ordered his choristers to construct a mud fort around the holy spot. After few years Qutb Shahi kings came to power and wanted to expand the lowly constructed fort into a massive Fort with granite. Thus Golconda fort stand silently witness to many historical events.
Glory of Golconda Fort:
At first, Golconda was small and lower constructed Fort. But in sequence years it changed into gigantic fort ever. Many dynasties ruled Golconda, Most of the rulers had given strategic importance to the Fort for their Administration and protection. In 1518 AD Qutb Shahi found Qutb Shahi dynasty and made Golconda as their capital. The next rulers also gave most importance to Golconda Fort and formed a beautiful city within.
Day by day Golconda glory increased a lot, by the 17th century Golconda became famous for Diamond market. Many traders from Iran, Afghanistan, and other destinations visit Golconda and trade the Diamonds and valuable gems and pearls. Golconda produced best-known diamonds like Koh-i-noor, the hope Diamonds, and Catherine Diamond.
Architecture of Golconda Fort:
The inner side of the fort was once covered with sprawling lawns and playing fountains. Now they remained as fading. The Architecture of the fort seems very splendid with marvellous designs. Now they ruined and remain destroyed. Which are still speaks volumes of Shahi dynasty and their glorious achievements?
The Architecture of the fort and the designs of the ventilations reveal the brilliant planning of the architects. Especially the design of the ventilation allows the fresh cool breeze to avoid the heat of summer. Another amazing feat in Fort is one who made a hand clap below the dome at the entrance, reverberates and can be heard clearly at the Ball Hissar, which is the highest point of the Fort. There are two separate pavilions to enter into Golconda Fort. We can see still the Taramathi and Premamathi buildings at the entrance of the Fort, who were the famous dancers in that period.
Golconda at Present:
At present, there are sound and light show arrangements added to the fort, that brings the legend of Golconda to life. The audio and visual effects unfold Golconda and its splendour and glory over centuries. Anyway who visit Golconda Fort they can experience to know about Golconda History with great amuse.