Kakatiya Dynasty is a famous Telugu dynasty. In the early days, Kakatiyas were the warriors and Samanthas of Rastrakuta and Chalukya kings who ruled Karnataka. Kakatiyas had a lot of military skills, so they became army chiefs and gained control over Anmakonda. Therefore After the fall of the Chalukya dynasty, they declare themselves independent rulers. Due to these skills of the powerful Dynasty founded by Prola II during the Rudradeva period (1158-1195), Orugallu became the new capital of the Kakatiya dynasty.
Orugallu City Fort:
The city fort had four gates. The first gate protects agricultural land; the peasants cultivate the crops there. Here the rulers built several water tanks for agricultural purposes. Many artisans live in this area, building huts. The second moat wall was made of mud, and the third moat wall of the fort was made of stone. The city buildings and palaces are seated within the stone wall of the fort, as a result of the soldiers carefully looking after them. In the centre, there was a temple of Svayambhu Shiva, and the temple had four gates in four directions.
Kakatiyas Merging Other Kingdoms:
Kakatiya kings as much as generally very powerful; they merged several places of other kingdoms into their kingdom and became very powerful. The Kings persuade many chiefs to accept them as their kings and protect their heads and subordinates from other kings’ invasions. Whenever the Kakatiya kings went to conquer other kingdoms, almost the Samanthas also followed them to support them.
Rudramadevi and Pratap Rudra bought the Malankara system. Hence they chose several warriors who were not from any noble or powerful family and encouraged them by giving them suitable positions in the army. Therefore the Nayakaras show the utmost respect and loyalty to the king and the queen. They set some share of the collected tax for the king’s service. The Kings of the Kakatiya dynasty followed this Nayakara system very admirably.
Villages Under Kakatiya Rule:
The Dynasty carefully look after the people with admirable administration systems. They built water tanks and dug many wells for cultivation. Mainly they concentrated on irrigation projects and created water-based projects in every village within their kingdom. The Royal families, Feudal families, the affluent sections, and the merchants participated voluntarily in providing agricultural facilities in every town.
Kakatiyas constructed many temples and played a patronised role by donating land and other gifts to the deities of the temples.