Junagarh Fort History:
Junagarh Fort is one of the famous monuments in India. It is located in Bikaner, Rajasthan State. The Fort stands still despite successive wars and invasions. The structure is also one of the massive monumental structures in North India. Most of the forts were constructed on hilltops but Junagarh Fort was not constructed on Hilltop and bounded by the Aravalli Mountain Range.
Junagarh Fort Construction:
In 1408 AD Rao Bikaji founded the city Bikaner and constructed a small fortress in the Rati Ghato area. Later the sixth ruler of Bikaner Raja Rai Singh Ji ordered his Prime Minister Karan Chand to built a new Fort called Chintamani. Then the family members of Raja Rai Singh lived under the supervision of his Prime Minister Karan Chand, during the period of 1589 AD to 1593 AD. Later the Chintamani Fort came to know as Junagarh Fort, Which means ‘Old Fort’. The Bikaner rulers were the high ranked “mansabdars’ or Governors in the court of the Mughal Emperor. Like that Raja Rai Singh was also one of the generals of Mughal Emperor Akbar.
Junagarh Fort Architecture:
The Jugarh Fort built with excellent Architecture. The Fort extended up to an area of 5.28 hectares and the quadrangular structure has a total peripheral length of 986 meters. The walls of the fort built very strong with 14.5 feet height and 40 feet wide and the deep moat surrounded the fortress. 37 bastions arranged at the seven gates of the fort. The arrangement makes the Fort protect from the enemies.
Interior of the Junagarh Fort:
The Junagarh Fort is normally a fort. It has numerous palaces and pavilions. We can see here many Hindu and Jain temples. Due to these temples, the rulers of Bikaner maintained religious tolerance. The temples constructed totally with sandstone and marble. The stone carvings made in red and golden sandstone. The interior of the palaces and Fort shows us the rich and brilliant traditional Rajasthani style. The tourists can enjoy by looking at this magnificent construction. The total construction of the fort made in Rajasthani style and also influenced by Mughal and British styles. During Maharaja Ganga Singh period the renovation works done in the semi-western style. So the Fort is the composition of architectural culture with gates, temples, and palaces.
In the fort, we can see many temples. Har Mandir was an important place for celebrations of all Royal wedding, Births, Festivals. During the Dussehra celebrations, the Royal families worshipped weapons and horses in the temple.