Andaman and Nicobar Island:
Andaman and Nicobar Island is a Union territory of India. The islands are located in the Bay of Bengal. The name came from the two islands of Andaman and Nicobar, and the capital city is Port Blair. The Andaman and Nicobar islands are spread with natural beauty by sea and lush.
Green occupation on every Island. During the British period, the Islands were famous for Kalapani Prison. Many freedom fighters are kept in prisons here. Now the same Kalapani prison transformed into the best tourist destination in India. Andaman and Nicobar Island is a combination of nearly 572 small islands; most places are covered with forests and greenery. Among the 572 islands, only 37 islands have human civilisation, and the remaining islands have no inhabitation.
Here the water is in clear blue as the glass; we can see various aquatic animals and corals. Indian army also has a post servicing in only tri-service geographical command.
History of Andaman and Nicobar Island:
The Island is located 10 degrees North Parallel to Andaman; the people have a distinct background here. The archaeologists discovered Andaman and Nicobar’s history, dating back to 800 BC. The Indigenous people are called Andamanese and are distinguished by their cultures and languages. During the Chola dynasty of Tamilnadu, Andaman and Nicobar islands became famous. The Cholas occupied these islands as their Naval Base to defy Srivijaya Empire in Sumatra, Indonesia. Later in the 17th century, the Maratha empire used the Island. But the total attachment with India to Andaman and Nicobar Island came into full force under the famous leader Kanhoji Angre. In 1775 AD, Danish people arrived on this Island and established the Danish East India Company. That the Island became as
In 1775 AD, Danish people arrived on this Island and established the Danish East India Company. That the Island became a Danish colony. But the settlements were abandoned in 1759, 1768, 1814, to 1832 Ad due to the malaria epidemic. So in 1868 AD, the Denmark Govt sold the Island to the British, and the Island became a part of British India. The British authorities constructed a cellular Jail to keep the Indian freedom fighters. So the Jail became very famous as the ‘Kalapani’ Jail.
As a Union Territory:
During world war ii, the Islands came under the rule of the Azad Hind Army under the leadership of Subash Chandra Bose. However, in 1945, the British recaptured Andaman and Nicobar and established their control again. Later in 1956, the Island was declared a Union Territory of India. Now it is the main military base in India.