Andaman and Nicobar Island:
Andaman and Nicobar Island is a Union territory of India. The islands are located in the Bay of Bengal. The name came from two islands of Andaman and Nicobar and the capital city is Port Blair. The Andaman and Nicobar islands are spread with natural beauty by sea and lush
green occupation at every island. During the British period, the Islands were famous for Kalapani Prison. Many freedom fighters kept in the prisons here. Now the same Kalapani prison transformed as the best tourist destination of India. Andaman and Nicobar Island is the combination of nearly 572 small islands and most of the places covered with forests and greenery. Among the 572 islands only 37 islands has human civilisation and remaining islands has no inhabitation.
Here the water is in very clear in Blue colour as the glass, we can see in the water many varieties of aquatic animals and corals. Indian army has also a post which is servicing in only tri-service geographical command.
History of Andaman and Nicobar Island:
The Island is located 10 degrees North Parallel to Andaman, here the people have a distinct background. The archaeologists find out the history of Andaman and Nicobar dated back to 800 BC. The Indigenous people called as Andamanese and distinguished with their distinct culture and language. During the Chola dynasty of Tamilnadu, the Andaman and Nicobar island came to famous. The Cholas occupied these islands to use as their Naval Base to defy Srivijaya Empire in Sumatra, Indonesia. Later in the 17th century, the island used by Maratha empire. But the total attachment with India to Andaman and Nicobar Island came into full force under the famous leader Kanhoji Angre. In 1775 AD Danish people arrived this Island and established Danish East India company like that the Island became as
In 1775 AD Danish people arrived this Island and established Danish East India company like that the Island became as Danish colony. But the colonies abandoned in 1759, 1768, 1814 to 1832 Ad due to the malaria epidemic. So in 1868 AD the Denmark Govt sold the island to British, like that the Island became a part of British India. The British authorities constructed a cellular Jail to keep the Indian freedom fighters. So the Jail became very famous as ‘Kalapani’ jail.
As a Union Territory:
During the world war-II, the Islands came under the rule of Azad Hind Army in the leadership of Subash Chandra Bose. However, in 1945, the British recaptured Andaman and Nicobar and established its control again. Later in 1956 the island declared as Union Territory of India. Now it is the main military base in India.