Hampi The Capital of Vijayanagara Dynasty:
Hampi was the capital city of Vijayanagara Empire during 14th – 16th century CE. It was the last Hindu kingdom in India. The city is located on the banks of Tungabhadra basin in central Karnataka, Bellary District.
Hampi is a spectacular place with the beautiful flow of Tungabhadra river and enclosed with the hill ranges. The greenery plains spread widely and give a lot of attraction to the city. The city was thrived nearly 250 years. Many monuments here still indicate you the past glory of the capital. The complexes, Shrines, Royal Palaces, Forts and many remain to narrate the glory of Hampi to the visitors.
Legends about Hampi:
Hampi situated on the banks of Tungabhadra river. There is a story behind the formation of Hampi city. One day the brothers Harihara Rayalu and Bukkarayalu went to the forest for hunting along with the prey dogs. The dogs saw Rabbits and run towards them to catch, at once the Rabbits started defying the dogs. The brothers looked at the sudden incident and astonished after looking at the bravery of the Rabbits. When they came back to their kingdom , they narrated the peculiar incident to their Guru Vidhya Ranya Swami.
Then the Sage went to the place and analyzed and found out the importance and power of the place. Then he guided his disciples Harihara and Bukka Raya to build a city and made it as their capital and rule from there. With his blessings, the brothers built a city called Hampi and made it the capital of Vijayanagara Empire.
Glory of Hampi:
The famous Krishna temple complex is the religious place where we can see the group of temples of Ganesh, Hemakata and Narishma Gods. The architecture of the temples shows us the ancient techniques and skills of the Vijayanagara people. The defense architecture, the residential areas, and Shrines show us how Hampi became a most beautiful city in the world. Here the people’s economic prosperity and political states show us the highly developed society. The Vijayanagara emperors encouraged the Dravidian architecture and the Dravidian style of constructions constructed every corner of the Hampi. Here the decorative pillars, lofty towers and cloistered enclosures still very attractive and astonishing the visitors with their beautiful structures.
Here the Vittala temple is the most famous temple with rich structure. The temple ornate structures represent the culmination of Vijayanagara temple architecture. The place combined with Kalyana Mandapam, Utsava mandapam. The temple has three entrance Gopurams. Here the grand bazar street and a granite ratha are the famous places to visit and know how Hampi left its presence in history with unbelievable monuments.
The Chariot street is famous, very wide and flanked by the rows of pillared Mandapas.
The emperors celebrate Chariot Festivals on these streets with great pompous. So the granite chariot made as sculpture as a single piece of granite before the temple. Here the sculptures made of the local granite, brick and local mortar used for other constructions. The temple entrance gopuras and the Sanctum constructed with stone and brick. The roofs of the temple laid with the heavy thick granite slabs. Those granite slabs covered with brick jelly and lime mortar.
Architecture of Hampi Monuments:
Here the architecture of all the constructions built in the elements of Indo-Islamic Architecture. Especially Queen’s bath and the elephant stables evolved multi-religious and multi-ethnic society. In Hampi, the buildings construction continued over a period of 200 years. The style of the monuments shows us the religious and political scenario and the advancements in art and architecture. But unfortunately, the glory of Hampi ended with the battle of Talikota. After the Talikota battle, the Muslim invaders demolished the entire city of Hampi.