Ayurvedic Medicine of India:
Ayurvedic Medicine is an ancient system of Medical practice by the Indians. The origin of the Ayurvedic Medicine has been tracked back to 5000BCE. Some of the concepts of Ayurvedic medicine has been discovered since the times of Indus Valley civilization. First, the Vedas are explained about the ayurvedic and ayurvedic medicine. In Atharvaveda there are 114 hymns are mentioned about the treatment of diseases with the Ayurvedic medicine. There are many stories in Indian ancient scriptures mentioned about the origin of Ayurveda. One is Lord Brahma preached about the glory of Ayurvedic to Dhanvantari. Tradition also holds that the writings of Ayurved were influenced by a lot of text by the Sage Agnivesa.
The Atreya Samhita is perhaps the oldest medical book in the world. This book was divided into eight parts, in each part discussed varies treatment methods with Ayurvedic medicine. According to Susrutasamhita Ayurveda is not only to cure illness but also prevent health from disease.
Ayurveda deals with the medical subjects like diet, ethics, personal hygiene, physiology, surgery, genetics, and gynaecology.
Concept of diseases in Ayurveda:
In Ayurveda, there are three concepts to understand the disease. They are 1. Vayu 2. Pitta 3. Kapha
Vayu, it controls the creation, growth, and disintegration of all living organs. This is also divided into five parts.
a.Pranavayu – maintain the breath, transmit food.
b.Pranavayu – maintain the vocal sound, song, speech depends on it.
- Samanavayu – causes digestion
- Vyana Vayu – causes the downward movements of stool, urine, and menses.
- Pitta: It causes in the body of heat, energy. It is also maintain pumping action of heart, skin temperature, vitality of blood. It is also divided into five types.
a. Rajaka Pitta – colour producing fire
b. Palaka Pitta – digestive fire.
c. Sadhaka Pitta – motion giving fire.
d. Aloka Pitta – Vision giving fire.
e. Bhrajaka Pitta – Lustre giving fire.
Kapha: It is maintained the body temperature. Kapha is also divided into five parts.
a. Vodhaka – tasting organ.
b. Tarpaka – irrigating organ.
c. Slesmaka – binding organ.
d. Kladaka – supply mucous to the system of the body.
e. Avalambaka – transport the blood to all parts of the body.
According to the Ayurvedic theory, good health is only maintained when your mind, body and spirit are in harmony with the universal elements. If any disturb happens in these elements causes to lead poor health and sickness.
Every person is made of a combination of five basic elements, they are space, air, fire, water and earth. Any imbalance happened in maintaining these things by the body, then the person fell in sick.
The following things may cause diseases:
- Climate changes.
In the viewpoint of successful medical treatment depended on four principles.
- The physician: who treats the patient.
- Substances: the drugs and diets used for treatment.
- Nursing: observing the patient, his reactions to the disease and treatment. Act in proper time in a proper way.
- Patient: His cooperation to the treatment.
These four factors are the main mechanisms of Ayurveda.
Ayurvedic treatment position in India:
India is the birthplace to Ayurveda. 80 percent of Indian people use some form of traditional medicine. In 1970 Indian government found the importance of Ayurveda medicine and established some institutions for study and research in Ayurveda medicine for quality treatment. The central council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) was established under the department of Ayurveda, to bring widely usage of Ayurveda medicine and bringing awareness about the medicine to the people. The Indian government, as well as state governments, also encouraging the Ayurvedic doctors to practise in some levels. Many qualified ayurvedic doctors started many clinics in urban and rural areas. Approximately 180 training centres offer degrees in traditional Ayurvedic medicine.