Ayurvedic Medicine of India:
Ayurvedic Medicine is an ancient system of Medical practice by the Indians. The origin of Ayurvedic Medicine has been tracked back to 5000 BCE. Some of the concepts of Ayurvedic medicine have been discovered since the times of the Indus Valley civilization. First, the Vedas have explained ayurvedic and ayurvedic medicine. In Atharvaveda, there are 114 hymns mentioned about treating diseases with Ayurvedic medicine. Many stories in ancient Indian scriptures said the origin of Ayurveda. One is Lord Brahma preached about the glory of Ayurvedic to Dhanvantari. Tradition also holds that the writings of Ayurved were influenced by a lot of text by the Sage Agnivesa.
The Atreya Samhita is perhaps the oldest medical book in the world. This book is divided into eight parts, each discussing various treatment methods in Ayurvedic medicine. According to Susrutasamhita, Ayurveda is not only to cure illness but also to prevent health from disease.
Ayurveda deals with medical subjects like diet, ethics, personal hygiene, physiology, surgery, genetics, and gynaecology.
Concept of diseases in Ayurveda:
In Ayurveda, there are three concepts to understand the disease. They are 1. Vayu 2. Pitta 3. Kapha
Vayu controls the creation, growth, and disintegration of all living organs. This is also divided into five parts.
a.Pranavayu – maintain the breath, transmit food.
b.Pranavayu – maintain the vocal sound, song, and speech depending on it.
- Samanavayu – causes digestion.
- Vyana Vayu – causes the downward movements of stool, urine, and menses.
- Pitta: It causes the body of heat and energy. It also maintains the heart’s pumping action, skin temperature, and blood vitality. It is also divided into five types.
a. Rajaka Pitta – colour-producing fire
b. Palaka Pitta – digestive fire.
c. Sadhaka Pitta – motion giving fire.
d. Aloka Pitta – Vision giving fire.
e. Bhrajaka Pitta – Lustre giving fire.
Kapha: It is maintained the body temperature. Kapha is also divided into five parts.
a. Vodhaka – tasting organ.
b. Tarpaka – irrigating organ.
c. Slesmaka – binding organ.
d. Kladaka – supply mucous to the system of body.
e. Avalambaka – transport the blood to all parts of the body.
According to the Ayurvedic theory, good health is only maintained when your mind, body and spirit are in harmony with the universal elements. If any disturbance happens in these elements, it causes to lead poor health and sickness.
Every person is made of a combination of five essential elements: space, air, fire, water and earth. If any imbalance happens in maintaining these things by the body, the person falls sick.
The following things may cause diseases:
- Climate changes.
The viewpoint of successful medical treatment depends on four principles.
- The physician: who treats the patient.
- Substances: the drugs and diets used for treatment.
- Nursing: observing the patient, his reactions to the disease and treatment. Act at the proper time in a good way.
- Patient: His cooperation with the treatment.
These four factors are the main mechanisms of Ayurveda.
Ayurvedic treatment position in India:
India is the birthplace of Ayurveda. Eighty per cent of Indian people use some form of traditional medicine. In 1970 Indian government found the importance of Ayurveda medicine and established some institutions for study and research in Ayurveda medicine for quality treatment. The central council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) was established under the Department of Ayurveda to bring wide usage of Ayurveda medicine and bring awareness about the medication to the people. The Indian government and state governments also encouraged Ayurvedic doctors to practise at some levels. Many qualified ayurvedic doctors started many clinics in urban and rural areas. Approximately 180 training centres offer degrees in traditional Ayurvedic medicine.