Bangaluru City History
Bengaluru city is the Silicon Valley of India. The city has very cool and pleasant atmosphere. It is the capital of Karnataka and has four hundred years history. Magadi Kempegowda founded the city in 1532 AD. In the 16th century, the most powerful Chieftain Kempe Gowda ruled over most parts of Karnataka. The Historians widely accepted, he was the founder of Bangalore. Kempe Gowda born in 1513 in a village near Yelahanka and a chieftain under the Vijayanagara Kings. Kempe Gowda intended to build a city that would house a military cantonment, temples, and provide employment to tradesmen. He took permission from the Vijayanagara Kings and laid the foundation stone for Bangalore City in 1532. For security purposes, he built a watchtower on a granite hillock, which we can see till now. For some years the Bangalore city also came under the possession of Mughal Empire.
Bangalore City During British Rule:
The British East India Company established a cantonment near Bangalore in 1809. Then the British developed the surrounding areas and trading. Whenever the trading started the employment also increased. People got adequate money for their livelihood and started setting on the fringes of the cantonment area. Some people also migrated to the presently developed areas like Tasker Town, Maciever Town, Richmond Town etc. With the subsequent events, the population around cantonment area crossed to one lakh people by 1890. The British Government look after the administration of the people in Bangaluru City.
The Silicon Valley of India After Independence:
After India got Independence the Bengaluru city turned as Corporation and famed as the Silicon Valley of India with a population of over seven lakhs. Later Central Government, local Industrialists established so many industries like the Hindustan Machine Tools, Indian Telephone Industries. Those establishments caused a wide change in the lifestyle of Bengaluru city people. Especially the Information Technology totally changed the entire face of Bangalore. Famous Defence projects also established in Bengaluru city. The city was developed not only as an Industrial centre but also an Educational centre.
Here the climate, the spread greenery and job opportunities attracted not only the Karnataka people but also the people who belong to other states of India to settle in the city. By 1971 Bangaluru city became the seventh largest city in India with over 16 lakh people. Now the city has 3 million people and was the 5th Metropolitan Cities in India.