History of Ahmedabad City:
Ahmedabad city is also famous as the merchant city of India. In the early days, the city called as Ashapalli or Ashaval. According to Archaeological evidence the cities, Ashapalli or Ashaval inhibit since the 11th century. Karnadev I, the ruler of Patna belonged to Solanki ruler invaded Ashapalli and waged a successful war against the king of Ashaval and established a city called Karnavati and at present the city located at Maninagar. Later in the 13th century, Sultanate of Delhi conquered the city Maninagar and ruled the kingdom for many years. Later in the 14th century, Muzaffarid Destiny conquered the city and established Gujrat terriory.
Ahmed Shah Built Ahmedabad City
Ahmed Shah the Muslim king once taking rest at the banks of the River Sabarmati. Then he saw a rabbit chasing a dog and stunned with the brave act of Rabbit. He intended in his mind the place had some peculiar quality and decided to build the new capital at that place. The place was very near to Kamavati right on the bank of River Sabarmati. In 1411 AD, he named the capital Ahmedabad. In the later years, his successors developed the Ahmedabad city by constructing the forts and other infrastructure.
Mughal emperor Akbar conquered Ahmedabad in 1537 to expand the Mughal Empire. During the Mughal emperors, the city thrived in trading, especially in the textile and the destination place to the foreign traders. The textiles and other materials also exported to Europe. Especially Shahjahan was very passionate in this city and spent most of the life in Ahmedabad city and constructed Moti Shahi Mahal in Shahibaug.
Ahmedabad Under British Rule
In 1758 the city came into the hands of Marathas. During their time the Ahmedabad city was neglected and the trading also lost its glory. In 1818 the British East India Company captured the city to expand their ruling areas in large. The British established a military cantonment in 1824 and started a municipal government in 1858. Again under the British rule, the city got its glory in trading and became a key traffic area to trade between northern and southern India. The British Government laid the Railway lines in India. Especially Bombay and Ahmedabad linked with trains for trading purposes.
Role of Ahmedabad City in Freedom Fight
The City also played a key role in Independence Movement. In 1915 Gandhi came to India from South Africa and established an Ashram on the banks of River Sabarmati. From here only he started many movements against British to get India Independence. The famous Satyagraha movement and Dandi Salt March also started from Sabarmati Ashram. Still, Ashram was the famous tourist place in India. During the partition of India and Pakistan, the city suffered from communal violence that broke out between Hindu and Muslims.
After Gujarat bifurcation from State of Bombay on 1st of May 1960, the city became the Capital of Gujarat State. After 1960 the City became very famous in establishing the Industries and Educational centres. The educational and research institutes also established, which now very prominent institutions in India. The development of industries and the business in Ahmedabad became the Merchant city of India. In 1974 the capital of Gujarat was shifted to Gandhinagar.
Tourist Places in Ahmedabad are Sabarmathi Ashram, Swami Narayana Temple, Dada Hari Wav, World Vintage Cars Museum, Jhulta Minar, Kankaria Lake, Hathis Singh Jain Mandir and many more attracting places are there.