Jodha Bai History – Hindu Queen in Mughal Emperor
Jodha Bai History
Jodha Bai real name was Harkabhai. She was also well known as Hira Kumwari and Mariam-uz-Zamani, born on October 1, 1542, AD. Her father was Raja Bharmal, the ruler of Jaipur. In her childhood days, all called Hira Kumwari. She was very clever and precious woman and married Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great in 1562 AD. After the marriage, she referred to as Jodha Begum. The marriage between Mughal Emperor Akbar and Jodha Bai was totally a political alliance between the king of Jaipur and the Mughal emperor. With the Jodha Bai’s marriage, the disturbed situations between Mughals and Rajputs came down. Akbar was very impressed about the intellectuality of Queen Jodha Bai. Her fierce for the self-respect and her courageous attitude made Akbar give the title of ‘Mariam-uz-Zamani. Her brother Harika Bai and father Raja Bharmal have also joined the court of Akbar.
Jodha Bai influence on Akbar:
She infused Akbar to abolish the pilgrimage tax on Hindus. He gave prominent positions to the Rajputs in his court. Totally the marriage between Jodha Begum and Akbar had a deep impact on religious and political policies in the Mughal administration during Akbar rule and in later years also. Akbar allowed her to worship Lord Krishna in the Harem. With the liberal attitude of Akbar on Hindus made him great all over India. All religious people also respect him as equal treatment of all sects.
Akbar had a great love and respect for Queen Jodha Bai. He gave her more priority than any other women in Herman. Jodha gave the birth to Prince SaliPrince who later become the emperor of Mughal dynasty as ‘Jahangir’ after Akbar. He also adopted many Hindu beliefs and practiced them in daily life. Akbar also wore the bind on his forehead and gave high priority to the Hindus in the court. He also married many Rajput princesses and respected everyone’s beliefs in Hinduism. The Hindu concept of Karma impacted on him a lot. He gave equal priority of celebrating many Hindu festivals in his court and himself participated in the festival celebrations. Anyway, Jodha Begum enjoyed her high position in the Mughal court and also showed her power in administrative issues. She died in the year 1623 A.D.
Jodha Bai Death
After the death of Akbar, Jodha Bai lived twenty years. At the age of 80, her health became worse and died due to old age in 1622 AD. After her marriage with Akbar, she remained as a Hindu devotee to Lord Krishna. However, she was not cremated according to Hindu rituals, and buried as per the Islamic practice. Later, her son Jahangir built a grave to honour her and the construction built as for Jodha Bai’s wish. The grave built near the Akbar’s mausoleum, in the style of underground and arranged beautiful steps to lead into. After India got Independence, the grave went into a dilapidated condition and present the Archaeological Survey of India repaired properly.