Samudragupta History, Biography and Administration
Samudragupta was the fourth empire of the Gupta Empire. He was born to Chandragupta I and Kumaradevi. He ruled the reign between 335 to 380 BC. During his rule, conquest all the Neighbouring Kingdoms and expanded the boundaries from Nepal, Punjab, Pallava Kingdom to South India. Mostly the Indian subcontinent was directly or indirectly under his rule. There are many stories of Samudra Gupta becoming to the heir to Gupta Dynasty. Among them one is Chandragupta I had many sons, however after his death, the conflict occurred among his sons and Samudra Gupta over throw all his brothers and absumed the throne as the successor of the Chandragupta I.
Samudragupta Expand Kingdom:
After his coronation, he started to increase the military and concentrated to expand the kingdom. Then he started attacking the Neighboring Kingdoms of Ahichchhatra and Padmavati, the center India. Later conquered whole Bengal, some kingdoms in Nepal and forcefully merged Assam into Gupta Kingdom. The present day Afghanistan and Kashmir were also come under the rule of the empire.
We can find the detailed conquests and the history of Samudragupta on the inscriptions of the pillars in Allahabad. In these inscriptions, described how the Samudragupta’s body was marked with the wounds, which were happened with axes, arrows, spears, swords and javelins. This inscription also gives us the detailed political geographical of Gupta Empire. Samudragupta did numerous campaigns made the navy as a powerful source to invade the enemies. The mighty powered army caused no one dare to go against the king. So that the foreign kingdoms like Saka and Kushan kings maintained cordial relations to Samudragupta and offered their services to him.
To strengthen the kingdom, he maintained matrimonial alliance with the Vakataka King Rudra Sena II, married Naga princes Kubernaga, accepted the maidens as gifts from neighbouring courts. He also made marriages to his royal family members with other kingdom maids.
Samudragupta conquest many kingdoms and brought the Gold and made eight variety of coins to the people in public domain in various purposes. The Kushan kings send the coin-making experts to Gupta Kingdom. He minted the coins as the battle Axe type, the tiger slayer type, the standard type, the king and queen type, the Lyre player type and there more. He was fond of music and followed the strict culture. So some coins also minted as Samudra Gupta playing Veena. He also encouraged the scholars, poets to propagate the religious, artistic and literary aspects of Indian culture. He was the great devotee of Hinduism and followed the ethics of Hinduism. However, he was a religious tollerent king. He also permit to construct a monastery for Buddhist pilgrims in Bodh Gaya. He ruled for years with great war skills and admirable administration skills.