Dara Shukoh – The Tragedy King of Mughals
Dara Shukoh History:
Dara Shukoh was the eldest son of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and legal heir to the throne after Shah Jahan. He was born at the Taragarh fort Ajmer on 28 October 1615 AD as the eldest son of Shah Jahan and Mother name was Mumtaz Mahal. Shukoh means the glory or splendor, when he was 12, his grandfather Jahangir died and Shah Jahan became the emperor of Mughal Empire. Since then he had participated in the official works of Shah Jahan.
When he crossed 18, married his paternal uncle Sultan Parvez Mirza’s daughter Nadira Banu on 1 February 1633 AD. In the Mughal family, the couple were the best successful one and bore eight children. At the early age of the children, four died and two sons and two daughters survived.
In the later years, Dara Shukoh loved beautiful ‘Rano Dil’, an orphan and the dancing girl in the court of Shah Jahan. He didn’t hesitate to bring her into his harem. He has also maintained intimacy with another famous concubine ‘Udaipuri Mahal’. During the conflict among the brother, Aurangzeb decapitated Dara Sukoh, then Aurangzeb brought the two concubines to his harem. Surprisingly, Udaipur maintained deep love at Aurangzeb and bore a son also.
Dara Shukoh as Military Commander
After the marriage, Aurangzeb appointed Dara Shukoh as a military commander and frequently promoted to commander of 20,000-foot and 15,000 horse on 21 January 1642 AD. Finally, on 10 September 1642 AD, the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan declared Dara Shukoh was his heir and gave the title of Shahzada-e-Buland Iqbal. As soon as he appointed as the governor of Allahabad. Again on 18 April 1648, he was appointed as the Subahdar of the Gujarat province. This made jealousy to his brothers and Aurangzeb furious at the declaration of Aurangzeb and waited for the opportunity.
Tragic Death of Dara Shukoh:
Unfortunately, Shah Jahan was seriously ill and the news went to Aurangzeb. Then Aurangzeb took the allied of Murad Baksh and marched towards Agra from Bengal. In the meantime, another brother Sulaiman Shikoh marched to Agra, but Dara defeated him in the battle of Bahadurpur on 14 February 1658 AD. Even though, he was defeated in the hands of Aurangzeb during the Battle of Samugarh on 30 May 1658 AD. Then Aurangzeb captured the Agra Fort and deposed Emperor Shah Jahan and imprisoned him in 1658.
On 6 September 1657, the illness of emperor Shah Jahan triggered a desperate struggle for power among the four Mughal princes, though realistically only Dara Shukoh and Aurangzeb had a chance of emerging victorious. Shah Shuja was the first to make his move, declaring himself Mughal Emperor in Bengal. Later marched towards Agra from the east. Murad Baksh allied himself with Aurangzeb.
Death of Dara Shukoh :
The defeated Dara Shukoh flee to Sindh and reached Kathiawar and met Shah Nawaz Khan, the governor of Gujarat for help to recruit a new army. With the new army, Dara occupied Surat and planning to reach Ajmer to maintain relationships with Rajput feudatory, Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Marwar to fight against Aurangzeb. Slowly, Shukoh gathering the army and finally reached Malik Jiwan, an Afghan chieftain. But he was loyal to Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, so turned against Dara Shukoh and handed him to the Aurangzeb’s army on 10 June 1659.
He brought to Delhi and tortured him very cruelly before the public on the streets. The statesmen declared him as a demon to demolish the peace according to Islam and sentenced to death. On 30 August 1659, his head decapitated and gifted it to Shah Jahan and his remains were buried somewhere in Humayun’s tomb in Delhi.