Razia Sultan History – First Woman Ruler of Delhi

Razia Sultan History:

Razia Sultan History can impress the present women generation. She was the first women ruler of Delhi ruled during 1236 AD to 1240 AD and well-known as the first Muslim female ruler in India. As a women ruler, she created the historical significance in the Indian history. She was born in 1205 AD in Budaun, India. Her father name was Shams-ud-din and Razia Sultan the only daughter to him and belonged to Persia Province and had come to Delhi as a slave working under Sultan of Delhi Qutb-ud-din. Her father was very humble and hardworking attitude man, made the Sultan Qutb-ud-din impressed and he appointed Shams-ud-din as a provincial governor. He played a significant role in the governance. In the pay of gratitude, Qut-ud-din gave his daughter as the bride to the Sultan.

Razia Sultan Early Life:

razia sultan history

In 1210 AD Qutb-ud-din died and his son Aram Baksh came to the throne as the inheritance. But Aram Baksh failed to show his significance on the administration, which proved him to be an incompetent ruler. Then Iltutmish took over the throne from Aram Baksh with the support of Amirs and Turkish noble families. Iltutmish administrated Delhi and lead the army on the enemies with efficient war skills. He also encouraged his children including Razia Sultan to receive the martial arts and administration. But his three sons spent most of their time of enjoying the pleasures of life and not become efficient in learning martial arts and administration. Instead of this his daughter became skilled in martial arts and war administration. So that Iltutmish broke away from Muslim tradition and named her as his heir to Delhi sultanate.

Razia Sultan History Creation:

Istutmish died on 30 April 1236 AD, as his wish Razia Sultan became the Sultan of Delhi. But the Muslim clergy and noble people not in favor of creating Razia history by becoming the Sultan. Due to the dramatic events, her brother Firuz became the sultan of Delhi. Rukuuddin Firuz was a weak ruler and not concentrating on administration. He profoundly immersed himself in pursuit of pleasures. So his mother interrupted into the administration and started ruling in favor of Firuz. However on 9 November 1236 AD Ruknuddin and his mother Shah Turkaan were assassinated, Razia Sultan came to the throne on 10 November 1236 AD with the name of Jalalat Ud-Din Raziya. She adopted men’s attire and started moving in the society without the veil. The changes of her dress code of Islam and putting aside the orthodox traditional beliefs made angry to the conservative Muslim society.

History of Razia Sultan as the ruler of Delhi:

As a Sultan, she brought many reforms in the administration and suppresses the enemy attacks. The brave decisions and administration skills made her a good ruler of Delhi Sultanate. She attacked bravely the enemy territories and merges them into the sultanate to strengthen the Kingdom. In a short span of period, became very popular as a good administrator and skilled warrior. She established many schools to educate all the children in her province. Opened the libraries to share the knowledge to the public and invited Hindu scholars to share their experiences with Muslim Scholars.


However, once the supported Turkish Nobles became very jealous of her and not digested how a woman could become the Sultan. They made a plan to revolt against the queen to dethrone from Delhi Sultanate. Then Malik Ikhtiar-ud-din Aitigin, the governor of Bhatinda raised a revolt against her and taken Raziya as the prisoner with the support of Altunia, the childhood friend of Raziya.

Razia Sultan Love Life and Death:

In the personal life, she showed very passionate towards on Abyssinian slave, Jamaluddin Yaqut. The rumors of the love story spread throughout Delhi. Unfortunately, yaqut was killed in the battle between Razia and Atunia. After Razia Sultan defeated, Altunia captured her and imprisoned at Qila Mubarak at Bathinda. Actually, Raziya and Altunia were childhood friends and also some historians believe that once they were in deep love. So She was treated royally even as a prisoner, eventually, the couple got married. After their marriage, the couple decided to take back the kingdom from Razia Sultan’s brother. Unfortunately, Razia Sultan husband defeated in the war and both fled Delhi from the battle with their lives. Unfortunately, while escaping, the Jats captured in a forest and killed them on 13 October 1240 AD. Razia Sultan history was the combination of daring, revolution, sorrow, and tragedy.