Alauddin Khilji History
Alauddin Khilji History:
Alauddin Khilji was born in 1250 AD in Birbhum district, Bengal. His real name was Juna Muhammad Khilji, and he was the son of Shihabuddin Masud. His father’s brother Jalaluddin Finz Khilji was the first Sultan of the Khilji dynasty. In his childhood days not interested in education but learned Martial arts and war techniques so that he grew up to become a mighty and excellent warrior.
Alauddin Khilji Became Sultan of Delhi:
Khilji killed his uncle Jalaluddin Firuz Khilji, the first ruler of the Khilji dynasty and became the second ruler of the Khilji dynasty. He was a powerful monarch and started invading states and territories to increase his empire over the Indian subcontinent. He became the first Muslim ruler to successfully defeated and conquered Southern parts of India. In every war in South India, he successfully succeeded defeating the rulers. Mainly general Malik Kafur and Khubrav Khan supported him in overthrowing the rulers. He also got bad fame by looting the states and ordering the conquered kings to payment of annual taxes. Most of his life was spent defending the Delhi Sultanate from continuous Mongol invasions. He also looted the Koh-i-noor Diamond, one of the largest known diamonds in human history.
Razia Sultan History, Achievements and Administration
Battles in his Life:
His life in the palaces started in 1290 AD, at first appointed as Amir-i-Tuzuk in the court of the Sultan. Later in 1291 AD, he was made the Governor of Kara and suppressed many revolts. In 1296 AD, Alauddin Kilji killed Jalaluddin, captured the throne, and became the new Sultan of Delhi. Then he faced many difficulties from the rebels within his kingdom. He suppressed all the revolts and became a powerful sultan in Indian history.
During 1296 – 1308 AD, he defeated Mongols under different leaders at the battles of Jalandhar, Kilim Amroha and Ravi. Later he brought stability to the administration.
In 1298 AD, he captured 30,000 Mongols who settled around Delhi and killed them in a single day. After this brutal action, he made their children and women enslaved people and oppressed them. In 1301 AD, he defeated the Rajputs and killed Rana Hamir Dev, a descendant of Prithviraj Chauhan.
Kakatiyas and Alauddin Khilji Death:
In 1303 AD, he attacked Warangal but was defeated by the Kakatiya army. Again he sent his troops under Lieutenant Malik Kafur; in a fierce battle, he captured Warangal fort and looted all the treasure. The Koh-i-Noor, one of the largest known diamonds in the world also robbed by Malik Kafur.
Ala-ud-din khilji blinded the two sons of his lieutenant Malik Naib Kafur. In January 1316 AD, Alauddin Khilji tried to make the third son of Kafur blind; Kafur eventually killed Sultan Alauddin Khilji.