Stone Art, Brief History:
Indian stone art is one of the famous art forms and most exclusive and unique. The stone art belongs is belong to ancient time, however, still, the stone in utility and decorative articles have still demand in not only India but also all over the world. During the ancient times in India, the stone art work was widely carved in the temples and forts. The stone art also expresses the exclusive architectures with great attraction. We can see several stone figures on various walls and pillars in the temples and at the forts. This art became a tradition to the Indian people. The archaeological excavations and the ancient art form shows us this art belonged since ages.
Evolution of Stone Art:
According to the historical evidence, the stone art came into light in India during the administration of Maurya dynasty. When Buddhism was at its peak in Bihar, the monks encouraged the local artists to carve the stone art on the stones to use in Buddha Stupas. However, to stop the expansion of Buddhism, the Hindus encouraged other Hindus to rise the Vedic beliefs to bring back the glory of Hinduism. So that large number of noble people, kings and artisans played the patron role to built the temples and carved the beautiful sculptures with the stones. The archaeological excavations in various places in India brought out the stone carved deities during the Gupta era. Thus Gupta era is called the classical era for the Indian sculptures. During this period number of stone sculptures carved, those found in recent archaeological excavations.
South Indian Stone Art:
In South India, during the rule of Cholas, the kings built a number of large temples and sculptures in their reign. Especially Brihdeswara Temple built at the peak of the evolution of stone sculptures. During the 9th to 14th century, temples in India built with sculptures based constructions. The artists followed the union of marble work and stone art. The Konark temple, Khajuraho temples and Dilwara temples at Mount Abu are best examples of the mastery in stone work. They still remain as the legendary for their fabulous sculptural deft.
Varieties of Stones:
There are much variety of stones available in India. So the craftsman has numerous choices to carve different objects in different colours. Some stones are very hard and some are soft. The artists carve the slender objects in soapstone, chalk and pumice stones. The basalt and granite stones are very hard to shape up the figures. The artists need iron tools to form these stones. Some precious gemstones also carving by the artists as the magnificent figures and shapes.