Mughal Emperor Jahangir

Jahangir Early Days:

Jahangir was born on 31 August 1569 at Fatehpur Sikri in India. His birth name was Nūr-ud-dīn Muhammad Salīm. He ruled the Mughal empire from 1605 to 1627 after Akbar. Jahangir was the eldest son of Akbar. Akbar ruled Mughal Empire for a long time. So the impatient Jahingir revolted against Akbar in 1599 A.D when Akbar was in Deccan. He defeated in the revolt, however, with the support of his step mother, Empress Ruqaiya Sultan Begum, he enthrones in 1605 AD. In the first year, his own eldest son Khurram organised a rebellion. Immediately reacted Jahangir put down the rebellion and executed nearly 2000 members of the rebellion and blinded his own son.


His administration was admirable and completed the constructions, which were founded by Akbar. He introduced the new concepts to strengthen the economic standards and impressed to the artists to bring the richness of cultural achievements. He also faced rebellion from Khusrau, in 1623 he brought the diplomatic end to the conflict and maintained an amicable atmosphere with the Hindu kings, especially the inherited disputes with Rajputs brought down in his tenure. The Hindus gave high rank in the Mughal court.

Nur Jahan interruption into Mughal Empire:

Nur Jahan first married Ali Quli Beg Istaiju. Once he saved Akbar from a tiger so that he earned the title ‘Sher Afgan’ and made him the Imperial Guard at Bengal.

As soon as Jahangir enthroned the Mughal Empire Sher Afgan murdered in Bengal. The widowed Nur Jahan brought to Agra along with her nine years daughter. In Agra fort, she assisted to the Emperor’s step mother. In later years Jahangir married Nur Jahan. Jahingar addicted to opium and drinks, and then Nur Jahan influenced him a lot and took control the entire Mughal Empire. From 1611 AD, nearly 15 years Nur Jahan and her relatives dominated the Mughal political affairs rather than other noble of Mughals. Once Nur Jahan ordered the Prince Khurram to march for Kandahar when the city seized by Persians. This orders brought differences between Prince Khurram and Nur Jahan. After the death of Jahangir, Nur Jahan lost her influence on the royal affairs.

The reputation of Mughal Paintings during Jahangir Rule:

Jahangir, very interested in painting portraits. So, during his reign, the Mughal painting reached its peak. He patronised documenting animals, birds and other objects as the paintings. The famous Ustad Mansur also belonged to his reign. He also patronised the Persian and European artists. He encourages the local artists to paint various objects and exhibited them in the galleries. In the way, the artists got donations from the visitors. He also maintained a large zoo, where he kept record variety of species.


Jahangir health became very worse, to restore his health, he travelled to Kabul to Kashmir. However, he got severe cold and decided to return to Lahore. But in 1627 AD, he died near Sarai Saadabad and preserved his body there and buried his body in the Baghsar Fort, Kashmir. Later his body transferred to Lahore and buried at Shahdara Bagh.