Punjabi Wedding Ceremony:
Punjabi wedding is very simple and sticks fast to the religious practices. Punjabi marriage contains not much pompous to compare with Hindu marriages. The marriages held in Gurudwara in front of GuruGranth. The Punjabi wedding celebrates one week and follows all the customs and rituals of their tradition. The bridal ceremonies are very similar to those practised by the Hindus. Most of the Indian wedding rituals are similar between Sikhs and Hindus, but the only difference is the Hindus use Vedic texts chant by the priests during the Hindu marriage. But in Punjabi tradition, the preachers follow their sacred book AdiGrandh.
The Punjabi Wedding performed in the presence of preacher and attended the family, friends, relatives and guests. The Punjabi wedding rituals performed before marriage and after the Punjabi marriage also. The both families are an integral part of the Punjabi marriage and follow their customs and rituals strictly.
The Punjabi wedding rituals are divided into three parts. They are 1. Pre Wedding rituals. 2. Wedding day rituals. 3. Post Wedding rituals.
Punjabi Wedding Traditions:
A ceremony of Bliss:
This is the beginning of the Punjabi wedding ceremony. The two families start their shopping for the wedding. As a custom, the families purchase of Rumalla Sahib, which contains a set of four pieces of cloth. The cloth is very scared and customarily embroidered and is used to cover the Granth Sahib. After this scared activity completed the family starts their rest of shopping. They buy clothes for the wedding, jewellery and other needs for the Punjabi Wedding.
In Punjabi wedding ceremony the tilak ceremony is a very attractive event. It has another name is engagement. In this ceremony the Bhaiji, means preacher of theGurudwara recites hymns and applies tilak on bridegrooms’ forehead. After this ceremony, both families distribute the gifts among the two families. The Chura ceremony held at the bride’s home. In the Chura ceremony, the bride’s maternal uncle and aunt give red and white bangles for wearing and other gifts also presented to the bride. These bangles are tied with silver and gold ornaments, this is called Kalirein. The following custom Maiya is the bride and the groom is not allowed to leave houses some time before the wedding.
This is the ritual of protecting the bride and groom from the ill omen. In the Gana ritual the preacher tied the red threads to the right wrist of the Bridegroom and left wrist of the bride.
In this ceremony, the women in the house prepare a liquid powder with scented powder made of barley flour, turmeric and mustard oil. And applied this material to the couple and sing some traditional songs, later follow the ceremonial bath.
This ritual of Jaggo celebrates in the late hours of the night before the Punjabi marriage day. Only close relatives participate in the ceremony. The maternal relatives of the bride decorate a copper vessel with lamps made of wheat flour. They light these lamps. The bride’s maternal aunt carries the lamp and visits and serves sweets. During this ceremony, the family members sing and perform traditional dance, which is called giddha.
On this ceremony, Mehendi applied on the hands and feet of the bride by singing traditional songs.
In this ceremony, the family members bring the water from Gurdwara for the ritual bath of the groom.
Early morning on the wedding day the groom’s sister-in-law and other female relative bring water from Gurudwara and prepare the groom to sit on a stool for his bath and four girls hold a cloth to his head. The similar rituals are also performed at the bride’s house. After the bath, the Bride wear 21 red and white bangles and tied the bangles with golden metal plates. She wears heavily embroidered Salwar-Kameez or Lehenga-Chunni. At the meantime, the groom wears the brocade achkan(long coat) and wear a pink turban and get ready to leave for bride’s house. Then his brother’s wife applies surma to his eyes and groom gives her some money as a gift of his gratitude. After this ceremony he sat on the horseback, accompanied by his relatives and friends and starts to the bride’s house. This ceremony is called Baraat. The Baraat continues with great pamper and arrives at the bride’s house, then the male members of the bride’s family welcome the Baraat. After some traditional songs the both family members interexchange their garlands and gifts.
The families assembled at the Gurudwara. Then the couple sits before the AdiGranth. Then the priest tells the importance of obligations in the family life and sings the hymns of marriage from the sacred book AdiGranth and at the end of the fourth round both are pronounced wife and husband. Then the elders of both families bless the couple and give gifts in the form of money.
Rituals After Marriage:
After the marriage the bride’s family farewell to her with tears. And the groom’s family welcomes the bride and give her mukhdekhai or money to behold her. And follow the reception party and arrange a grand feast at the groom’s house.