Jarawa Tribe Andaman
Jarawa Tribe is one of the important Tribal people in India and lived in Andaman Nicobar Islands. The name Jarawa came from the great Andamanese and means strangers in one of the ten languages to monolingual.
Their main occupation is hunting and gathering the fruits and other things. They never depend on others or on the Government subsidy of any kind. They hunt in the sea and in the forests for their feeding. Still, they wear the animal skin as the clad to cover their bodies. They do not like to wear the city clothes. The government and social workers distributing the clothes and trying to bring them into the mainstream of the society, however, they are not accepting and agree to change their lifestyle.
Jarawa Tribe Culture
Their language is very difficult to the other to understand or learn. The language follows nine vowel character system and twenty-six consonants at the phonemic level. Before the 19th century, the homelands were located in the part of South Andaman Islands. Jarawa Tribe physical appearance is very strong, however, they had bad habits of taking more Opium and more quantity of Alcohol. Their surroundings were caused diseases. So most were fell ill and died. The subsequent made them migrate to western areas of Andaman Islands and made those places as their homelands.
The people are very isolated and not easily mingle with others. Now some development has been increasing gradually in their social life due to the efforts of Government and Social welfare Societies. Due to these efforts, they are maintaining regular contacts with the outside world.
Trunk Road Controversy:
In 1970 the Government laid the Great Andaman Trunk Road through the western forests, where the Jarawa homelands situated. After 1991 some the tribal people started coming out from their forests for the settlements alongside the Highways. Due to the infrastructure development, the highway surrounded areas encroached by the business people. This caused to file a lawsuit in the High court of Kolkata. The Society for Andaman and Nicobar Ecology and Bombay Natural History Society advocate in favour of Jarawa tribe. Finally, in 2001 the court directed the administration to take steps to protect the Jarawa from encroachment.