Swami Vivekananda Biography
Swami Vivekananda is one of the famous Indian Philosopher and Entire his life dedicated in the service of motherland India. He strongly worked and used his philosophical idealogies to bring back the glory of India in eastern countries. His endeavors made him to become an eternal personality in Indian history. He was born on 12 January 1863 in Calcutta at his ancestral house. The house was located at Gour Mohan Mukherjee Lane, Simla street Calcutta. His father was Viswanath Dutta a well-known attorney-at-law in Calcutta High Court and Mother Bhuvaneswari Devi a devotional household. At first, he named as Narendra Dutta and the sixth child of his parents.
Since his childhood days, Narendra had exceptional abilities. He was very intelligence in the subjects, good memory ability and also had the leadership qualities from the school days. His melodious voice made him a good orator and attracts the listeners with great enthusiasm. He was also very active in rowing, swimming, wrestling and riding. However, he didn’t neglected his studies and acquiring the knowledge from Hindu ancient books and scriptures.
At the age of sixteen in 1880, Vivekananda joined in Presidency College. There he studied English, History, Mathematics beside of these subjects he studied Logic, Psychology, and Philosophy. During the education, he had a lot of doubts on spirituality and existence of God. He learnt the English language profoundly and read the spiritual books of the eastern writers. Swami Vivekananda understood Western ideas and found their accusers on India were very wrong.
Swami Vivekananda and Swami Ramakrishna
After he completed B.A degree, he was haunted by two opposite visions. One was leading a worldly life of luxury and the other one renunciation monk. He had a great desire of knowing the existence of God. However, he choose the path of austered life to know the existence of God. Since then he traveled everywhere with a quest to know the God’s existence. But the answers of some scholars and swamis didn’t satisfy him. Finally, he came across Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and asked him about the God exists in physical nature. Ramakrishna confidently answered to his question and said he had seen God also.
Then surprised Vivekananda accepted him as his guru. In Dakshineshwar Naren served to his guru for five years, during this period he listens to the teaching and understood the principles of Ramakrishna and became a famous disciple of him. Ramakrishna was succeeded to appease all doubts of Naren and enlightened him in the concept of Hindu spirituality.
After the death of Ramakrishna in 1886, Swami Vivekananda and other disciples strongly wanted to spread the concept of Ramakrishna’s teachings all over the world. So that they started Ramakrishna Math in Belur with the main aim of bringing back the glory of Hinduism and serving the people in order to realise God. In the purpose of spreading all these thoughts, Narendranath left the Math in July 1890 and started travelling all the corners in India.
On his journey, he met so many monks and discussed the doctrines of Hinduism to enlighten his knowledge. He also met the princes and maintained friendly nature with them. Vivekananda thoughts made all very impressive and come forward to help him in the way of spreading Indian spirituality. After two years of his travelling, he reached Kanyakumari, where the peace of nature, the fresh breezing air makes him know his life mission.
First, he wanted to bring consciousness among the masses in India about the spirituality of Hinduism. Even he wanted the youth to know their strength themselves and bring a strong desire among the youth that makes India proud. Then only the West acknowledges India’s strength in the realm of spirituality. Such type of awareness was most important among the masses because the Western countries believe that the omnipotent power could conquer anything but Swami Vivekananda wants to prove the Spiritual power of India was essential.
Swami Vivekananda Influence
With the strong desire, Vivekananda travelled for three years in India by giving speeches about the glory of India among the masses. In order to spread his message of India’s greatness and spirituality in the West. He wanted to participate in World Parliament of Religions, which could be held in Chicago in 1893. Vivekananda wants to utilize these Parliament as his platform in West to spread the ideology of Indian spirituality and the glory of Hinduism. There Vivekananda preachings impressed the Westerns and remove their gloomy thoughts of Westerns. Especially his address to the gathering as ‘Sisters and Brothers of America’, then the impressed Americans gave a standing ovation to Swami Vivekananda that lasted for minutes. With his speeches in Chicago, he became worldwide fame and assured.
In the later years Swami Vivekananda preachings were held on the essence of Hinduism and Vedanta Philosophy in several cities across the United States of America. In 1895 he received invitations from England for lectures to the British. Then Swami Vivekananda left for London and gave series of lectures to the British and brought awareness among the British about the Philosophy of India. He travelled between USA and England during his years in Western countries. Vivekananda thoughts made other European countries to spread the seeds of Vedanta farther and deeper in the thoughts of foreigners.
Swami Vivekananda Return to India:
After his works completed successfully, Swami Vivekananda returned to India in 1897. He received a great applause from all in India and many felicitated programs conducted by so many. His continuous lectures about the success and hard tasks in America took a toll on his health. He took few months rest from the guidance of doctors. After his recovery, he again started his mission, guided his disciples to set up more centres in different parts of India, served the people in calamities.
Swami Vivekananda Final Days
After two years spending in India, again Swami Vivekananda set up a plan to travel to Western countries. In the second phase also he travelled between USA and England to spread his mission of spreading the ideology of his concept of Hinduism and India. In the second phase, Swami Vivekananda attracted so many disciples from western countries. He also started some missionary centres in western countries.
In late 1900, he returned to India and continue his ceaseless work. Swami Vivekananda health became very worse, the doctors advised him to take complete rest, although Swami Vivekananda not stopped working and continued travelling to the extreme boundaries of India. His physical body totally distressed and his health came to complete worse and finally, Swami Vivekananda breathed his last on 4 July 1902 at the Belur Math. But still, his thoughts have been carrying by the Ramakrishna Math. Swami Vivekananda Birthday 12 January Celebrated as National Youth Day in India. The Indian Government declared the day as National Youth Day in 1984, since then the day celebrated in India every year to honour Swami Vivekananda achievements.
Swami Vivekananda lectures and writings on Jnana-Yoga, Karma-Yoga, Bhakti-Yoga and Raja Yoga gave specific knowledge to the readers. He wrote many inspired letters to his friends and disciples. He composed numerous poems, guided to many seekers and also run Ramakrishna Math with success. These magnificent activities did just during the age of thirties only.