Sammakka Saralakka is a famous village fair in Telangana, India. The village fairs are very famous in ruler areas. especially the folk festivals celebrates at the tribal areas. These folk festivals and village fairs are the Icons of the traditional culture of Indian society. Sammakka, Saralakka village fair is very famous in South India and celebrate it at Madaram village, Warangle District, Telangana. The famous Sammakka Saralakka fair is the main village fair of Telangana State.
Sammakka Saralakka History:
Medaram is a tribal area. Here the people celebrates this village fair with utmost devotion and respect. There is a story about the celebration of Sammakka Saralakka village fair.
During the Kakatiya dynasty, Medaram was a small tribal area. Here the people main occuptaion was hunting. Everyday the tribal people went to nearby forest to hunt the animals and gather honey. One day the people saw a little child playing with wild animals. They find that the child was not fearing at the wild animals and the animals also favour moving effectionally with the girl. Then the tribal people astonished at the scene and intended with each other that the girl was not a common child of others. They thought the God’s blessings were more on her, so they brought her to their village and worshipped her by treating as the Goddess of the Village. They gave the name her ‘Sammakka’. All the villagers brought up her as their own daughter.
Sammakka Superficial Powers:
She shows the superficial powers like bringing the sight to the blind and others. She cured different diseases. This news spread all over and many people start to go to the small village for her blessings and worshipped her with great devotion. When Sammakka came to age, the villagers performed the marriage with Paidi Raju at great pumpus. They were blessed with a boy and girl. They were named as Jampanna and Saralamma.
Kakatiya Pressure on Tribals For Tax:
Kakatiyas administration pressured on the tribal people for taxes. The tribal people in Medaram were very poor and had not sufficient money to pay the taxes. The soldiers torchered the tribals for taxes. Then Sammakka and Paidi Raju couple inspired the tribal people about the importance of freedom. The couple exhorted the soldiers and sent them back without paying the taxes. The news received to the Kakatiya army commander. He got furious and went to invade Madaram. There a fierce battle sprout among the Kakatiyas and tribals on the banks of Sampangi cannal. The Kakatiya army killed sAralamma and Paidi Raju. Jampanna wounded civirely and fall into the Sampangi Cannal. From then the Sampangi cannal has been calling as ‘jampanna Vagu’.
Sammakka courageously slaughtered the Kakatiya Army. Furious Sammakka makes the Kakatiya soldiers away from the battle field. Then the commander of Kakatiya army hide at her back and stabbed with a knife, then Sammakka disappeared from the spot and never appeared. Then the tribal people lamented for her.
Pratap Rudra and Folk Festival:
One night a holy goddess appeared in a dream of king Pratapa Rudra and narrated how the tribal had been torching for taxes. She also exhorted him if the torch continues the entire Kakatiya dynasty fells into danger and also said that Sammakka, Sarakka, Paidi Raju and jampanna were the messengers of God. So celebrate a village fair in the name of Sammakka and Saralakka.
The next day king Pratap Rudradevudu enunciated the decree of collecting tax from the tribals. He encouraged the people to celebrate the Sammakka Saralakka village Fair. The village Fair celebrates every two years, many devotees visits to pay their tribute to Sammakka and Saralakka.