Prithviraj Chauhan was born in 1166 AD at Ajaymeru. His father was Someshwar Chauhan, and his mother was Kalachuri princess, daughter of Kalachri Kingdom and Achalaraja of Tripuri.
Rajputs were the rivals to Jaichandra Gahadwala, who had a great kingdom that spread entire North India. He also played a tragic role in Indian history. During the Jaichandra period, Rajput Clan established itself as a kingdom by making Delhi it’s capital. After Someshwar Chauhan, Prithvi Raj Chauhan became the king of Delhi. Prithviraj Chauhan was a very romantic and highly fearless person. He did ongoing military campaigns and extended his kingdom to Rajasthan, Gujarat and Eastern Punjab. He ruled his kingdom from the two capitals of Delhi and Ajmer. Prithviraj Chauhan’s quick rise and growth caused ill-feeling to the mighty king Jaichand.
Sanyogita was the daughter Jaichand, a wonderful and loveable daughter to the mighty king. She heard about Chauhan’s ceaseless and adventurous activities and fell in love with him. She also sent poetic letters to Chauhan and decided to marry him. The love story spread through the two kingdoms. Jaichandra also received the news. Then Jaychandra got furious and wanted to teach Chauhan and his daughter a lesson. He celebrated his daughter’s marriage and arranged a swayamvara (The Princess selected her husband with her wish from the assembled princes). Jaichandra invited all the big and small princes but deliberately ignored Prithviraj.
Prithviraj Chauhan Success:
He wanted to insult Prithviraj more, so he made a statue of Prithviraj and kept him as a dwarapalaka. Prithviraj received the news, and he confined his plans to his lover. The day came for Swayamvara, all the Princes seated in the Darbar; the princess went with the garland and passed all the princes, reached the door and garlanded the statue of Prithviraj. All the princes and Jaichandra were stunned at the sudden event. Then Prithviraj, hiding behind his statue, put Sanyogita and made a fast gateway to his capital.
Ghori and Prithviraj Chauhan:
Mahmud Ghori was a ruler of Ghori in Afghanistan. So he was called Mahmud Ghori. He attacked India many times and failed. At first, he shot Rajputs. The Rajputs king Mularaja II was not even a teenager. So his mother guided the soldiers and fought with Ghori at Kelyadara near Mount Abu in 1178 AD. Ghori was defeated drastically in the battle and never entered India through Gujarat. But Ghori’s lust for conquering India had not dried up. In 1191 AD, Prithviraj and Ghori both made the war at Taraori. It was also called the first Taraori battle. In the battle, Prithviraj Chauhan’s cavalry chased the Ghori cavalry and captured Ghori. The cavalry brought Ghori in chains to Prithviraj’s capital city. Then Ghori begged Prithviraj Chauhan to show mercy on him and release him. The mighty-hearted Chauhan paradon Ghori and sent him back to Afghanistan, although his ministers exhorted for release.
Prithviraj Chauhan Defeated by Ghori:
During 1189 and 1190 AD, a battle happened between the two kingdoms of Jaichandra and Chauhan. Both armies suffered heavily; in the meantime, Ghori in Afghanistan had grown powerful. Again Ghori re-attacked Prithviraj with his mighty army and attacked Rajputs before daybreak. Ghori defeated Prithviraj and was taken to Afghanistan as a captive.
Prithviraj Becomes Blind:
One day the Ghori army presented Prithviraj Before Mahmud Ghori. Then Prithviraj looked straight into the eyes of Ghori, So Ghori ordered him to lower his eyes. Then Prithviraj scornfully told only Rajput’s eyes are reduced in death. Due to the words, Ghori got angry, flew into a rage, ordered his courtiers, and burnt Prithviraj’s eyes with hot iron rods. The blind Prithviraj was brought to the court and insulted by Ghori and his couriers. These made Prithviraj very strong and want to take avenge Ghori. He was waiting for an opportunity, and it came to him.
Prithviraj Chauhan Killing Ghori:
One day Ghori wanted to conduct a game of Archery among the couriers. With the advice of his co-prisoner and his biography writer Chand Bardai, Prithviraj wanted Ghori to participate in the fun. Then the courtiers doubted how a blind one could join in Archery. So Prithviraj told Ghori to order him to shoot, and he would reach his target. Ghori accepted Prithviraj’s desire and allowed him to participate in the game. The day came, and Chauhan unchained for the matches and took bow and arrows. Ghori seated on the throne while ordering Prithviraj to shoot, then Prithviraj turned in Ghori’s direction and threw the hands. The released hands struck Ghori dead.