Prithviraj Chauhan was born in 1166 AD at Ajaymeru. His father was Someshwar Chauhan and mother Kalachuri princess, daughter of Kalachri Kingdom and daughter of Achalaraja of Tripuri.
Rajputs were the rivals to Jaichandra Gahadwala, who had a great kingdom which spread entire North India. He also played a tragic role in Indian history. During Jaichandra period Rajput Clan established itself a kingdom by making Delhi as their capital. After Someshwar Chauhan, PrithviRaj Chauhan became the king of Delhi. Prithviraj Chauhan was very romantic and extremely fearless person. He did ceaseless military campaigns and extended his kingdom to Rajasthan , Gujarat and Eastern Punjab. He ruled his kingdom from the two capitals of Delhi and Ajmer. Prithviraj Chauhan quick rise and his growing caused ill-feeling to the powerful king Jaichand.
Sanyogita was the daughter Jaichand, who was very beautiful and loveable daughter to the powerful king. She heard the ceaseless and adventurous activities of Chauhan and fell in love with him. She also sent the poetic letters to Chauhan and decided to marry him. The love story spread through the two kingdoms. The news also received to Jaichandra. Then Jaychandra got furious and want to teach a lesson to Chauhan and his daughter. He decided to celebrate his daughter’s marriage and arranged a swayamvara (The Princess select her husband with her own wish from the assembled princes). Jaichandra invited all the big and small princes but deliberately ignored Prithviraj.
Prithviraj Chauhan Success:
He wanted insult Prithviraj more and so he made a statue of Prithviraj and kept him as a dwarapalaka. The news received to Prithviraj and confined his plans to his lover. The day came for Swayamvara, all the Princes seated in the Darbar, the princess came with the garland and passed all the princes, reached the door and garland the statue of Prithviraj. All the princes and Jaichandra stunned at the sudden event. Then Prithviraj, who was hiding behind his statue put Sanyogita and make a fast gateway to his capital.
Ghori and Prithviraj Chauhan:
Mahmud Ghori was a ruler of Ghori in Afghanistan. So he was called as Mahmud Ghori. He attacked India many times and not succeeded. Aft first he attacked Rajputs. The Rajputs king Mularaja II was not even in teenage. So his mother guides the soldiers and fought with Ghori at Kelyadara near Mount Abu in 1178 AD. In the battle, Ghori defeated drastically and never enter India through Gujarat. But Ghori’s lust for conquering India not dried up. In 1191 AD Prithviraj and Ghori both did the war at Taraori. The was also called the first Taraori battle. In the battle, Prithviraj Chauhan cavalry chased the Ghori cavalry and captured Ghori. The cavalry brought Ghori in chains to Prithviraj’s capital city. Then Ghori begged Prithviraj Chauhan to show mercy on him and release. The mighty-hearted Chauhan paradon Ghori and sent him back to Afghanistan despite his ministers exhorts of his release.
Prithviraj Chauhan Defeated by Ghori:
During 1189 and 1190 AD, there was a battle happened between the two kingdoms of Jaichandra and Chauhan. Both the armies suffered heavily, at the mean time Ghori in Afghanistan had grown powerful. Again Ghori re-attacked Prithviraj with his powerful army and attacked Rajput army before daybreak. Ghori defeated Prithviraj and was taken to Afghanistan as a captive.
Prithviraj Becomes Blind:
One day the Ghori army presented Prithviraj Before Mahmud Ghori. Then Prithviraj looks straight into the eyes of Ghori, So Ghori ordered him to lower his eyes. Then Prithviraj scornfully told only Rajput’s eyes are lowered in death. Due to the words Ghori got angry and flew into a rage and ordered his courtiers, burnt Prithviraj’s eyes with hot iron rods. The blind Prithviraj brought to the court and insulted him by Ghori and his couriers. These made Prithviraj very strong and want to take avenge on Ghori. He was waiting for an opportunity and it came to him.
Prithviraj Chauhan Killing Ghori:
One day Ghori wanted to conduct a game of Archery among the couristers. With the advice of his co-prisoner and his biography writer Chand Bardai, Prithviraj wanted Ghori to participate in the games. Then the courtiers raised the doubt how a blind one can participate in archery. So Prithviraj told Ghori to order him to shoot and he would reach his target. Ghori accepted Prithviraj desire and allowed him to participated in the game. The day came, Chauhan unchained for the games and take bow and arrows. Ghori seated on the throne while ordering Prithviraj to shoot, then Prithviraj turned in the direction of Ghori and throw the arrows. The released arrows struck Ghori dead.