Maha Shivaratri, The Day of Shiva Form into Lingam:
Maha Shivaratri is one of the famous festivals in India. The festival comes on the fourteenth night of the New Moon and on the dark half of the month of Phalguna. On that day the
Hindu devotees worship Lord Shiva in the form of Lingam. On the day of Maha Shivaratri lord Shiva formed the first time in the form of a Lingam. Who worship Lingam those sins removed from them. There was also a legend Lord Shiva appeared himself in the form Lingam to Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu. He also announced to the two Deities that he was the Creator, the Preserver, and the Destroyer. And also indicate that Lord Brahma on his right side and Lord Vishnu on his left side seated and collectively existed in Shiva. He announced he worshipped by his devotees in his phallic form.
Devotees on Mahashivaratri Day:
On Maha Shivaratri day the devotees stay fast for the whole day and keeping strict night vigil and worshipping the Lingam with delicious flowers, slender leaves of Bel tree and food. Lord Shiva appeases when the devotees worship him with Bel tree leaves. The Hindu families spend the entire day with devotional activities and totally immerse into the joy of admiring Lord Shiva. The strict night vigil and fast makes the devotee, mentally and physically control them. In this way, the devotees pay their gratitude and praise Lord Shiva.
Maha Shivaratri Day, Yajna Performance:
The devotees perform the Yajna on Maha Shivaratri day, for perform Yajna, the devotees construct a three-tiered platform, which represents the Hindu beliefs of three lokas, such are swargaloka, antariksha loka and bhuloka. The devotees prepare the Kalashas for Yajna and filled with water and place on the platform. Now the Brahmins perform Yajna while chanting the Mantras. The Yajna gives many benefits to the performers and their sins removed and lead their life with joy and devotion.
During the Yajna performance, each two kalashas each is placed on the sides of eastern and western sides. Each kalasas kept on the southern and northern sides Yagna. These kalasas filled with water, this water mixed with perfume, sandalwood and rose water. These Kalasas decorated with mango and bilva leaves and prepared a large kalash, which also filled with water and placed on the highest level of the platform. Now the Brahmins take the coconut and cover it with wet turmarric powder and strip with a single cloth. Now the coconut placed on the mouth of the large kalash. Here the coconut represents the head of Lord Shiva and three black spots on it represent the three eyes of Him.
Maha Shivaratri Abhishekam:
A silver plate is placed inside the Largest Kalasam and placed a lingam. Now the Brahmin performs the sacred bathing of Lord Shiva with honey, sugar, milk, curd and clarified butter. During this sacred bath the Brahmins chant mantras, which are the meaning of praising Shiva. Later the bath the Brahmins offer the boiled rice and clarified butter to Shiva. While the Yajna performing, eleven priests sit in a circle around the platform and continuously chant mantras. Like this the Yajna completes. The Hindu devotees believe that who performed yajna on Mahashivaratri, those lives’s can purify with Lord Shiva blessings.