Buddhist Council and Reforms:
Buddhist Council placed a remarkable place in Buddhism. Every Buddhist follows the traditions and culture according to the principles directed by Buddhist councils. Occasionally, four different committees were conducted to discuss Buddhism’s critical events and policy matters. Since then, four boards have been undertaken at other times.
Buddhist Council the First One:
Therefore the first council was conducted in about 487 B.C. on the occasion of Buddha’s death at Magadha capital Rajagriha. Nearly five hundred Buddhist monks and believers attended the first Buddhist council. The attendants collected Buddha’s teachings, added some elaborated explanations to the instructions, and compiled them into three books called Tripitaka—all these Pitakas Wrote in the Pali language.
Buddhist Council the Second One:
Since the second Buddhist council was held at Vaishali in 387 B.C. after, one hundred years of the First Buddhist council, generally, the Buddhists brought some reforms and changes in the monastic life and changed the old scriptures.
Buddhist Council the Third One:
The third council was held in Pataliputra in 251 B.C. During the third Buddhist council, Ashoka ruled Pataliputra. He looks after the celebrations and summit of the board. TTissa Moggaliputhra, the renowned Buddhist, presided over the committee and introduced many reforms in the monastic life. The chief aim of the commission is to bring purity to the monastic life. In the third council, some internal differences between the Monks were patched up.
The Fourth One:
The fourth and last council was held in the first century A.D. at Kundalvana in Kashmir. The latest and fourth council was held during the reign of Kanishka, a great Buddha devotee. The fourth council was presided over by Asvaghosa. In this council, the eminent monks made every effort to patch up the differences among the Buddhist monks on rituals of Buddhism. Due to these causes, the council’s ideas were too widely different to patch up, and hence Buddhists were divided into two sects. Finally, they became the Hinayana and Mahayana. In this council, only the sacred scriptures of the Buddhists were brought into two elaborate commentaries: Upasesa and the Vibhasha.