Giddha Dance of Punjab
Giddha dance is very popular in Punjab. Many women artists performed this dance with high spirit during various occassions. There is a much similarity to the Bhangra folk dance which is performed by the men only. Women only participated in Giddha dance to show their individuality in the society. The folk poetry verses sing during the dance performance. These verses are called bolis.
Giddha dance derived from the ancient style of ring dancing. In this dance, all the dancers follow the rhythmic drum sounds and form as a circle. While the dancers moving in a circle to the drum sounds and ‘Bolis’, the dancers raise their hands to the level of their shoulders and clap in the union. Then, they strike their palms against those of their neighboring dancers. The drum sound, the clapping hands sound, and folk verses bring a richness to the spectators.
Giddha Dance Performance:
During Gidda dance performance, the dancers sang the ‘bolis’. The tempo of the song rises and all start dancing. Mimicry is also one of the major insertions in ‘Giddha’ dance. One of the girls play the role of an aged bridegroom and another young bride, one may play a quarrelsome sister-in-law and another humble bride. The themes of the dances are adopted from the personal lives of women. The dance performances also revolve around the village life of a woman, they are spinning cotton, fetching water from the well and grinding. The dance is totally attracts the viewers due to the dancer’s vigorous legs movement in a rhythemic way. The movements of the feet are so much quicker that is difficult for the spectator to observe the movements.
Costumes and Jewelry:
During the dance, the dancers wear dresses in rich colors. The dress colors attract the spectators also. The costumes are Ghagra Choli, lehnga (loose skirt up to ankle length) and Salwar-Kameez. The embroidered clads and heavy jewelry of the participants adds colors to the dance. They wear the ornaments are suggi-phul (worn on head) to pazaibs (anklets), haar-hamela, (gem-studded golden necklace) baazu-band (worn around upper-arm) and raani-haar (a long necklace made of solid gold).
The Giddha dance is performed during the festival celebrations, marriage occasions and at the time of harvesting too. The folk songs called bolian are the main attraction of Giddha dance. These are accompanied by the beat of dholak and clapping. While singing the boils, the dancers outpour their feelings of resentment, agony, pain, and jealousy at their in-laws and affection and love for their parental homes.