The Golden Temple, Amritsar:
The Golden Temple is a holy place for the Sikh devotees. It is the symbol of spirituality and historical tradition of Sikhs. Sikh Gurus founded Gurudwaras for their religious pilgrimage. The foundation of Golden Temple is the most significant centre to the devotees of Sikhism and this temple became most pilgrimage monument to the Sikhs. According to the ancient Hindu Legends, the place had very glory during Ramayana period and continued its glory up to the evolution of Buddhist movement. The Buddhist movements completely swept away some of the important pilgrimage places of Hindus. According to the hagiographical literature, the place chosen due to its religious antiquity. And some have the stories, those were the place seems low-lying area with a small pond surrounded by a large number of shady trees in a jungle and encircled by the small villages of Sultanwind, Tung, Gumtala and Gilwali.
Legends of The Golden Temple:
The name of the place derived from the Lake Amrit Sarowar. Water in the lake had medicinal properties, which can cure the diseases. Guru Amar Das found this lake and known the peculiar qualities of the water, so he brought the herb water to cure the skin of Guru Angad, the second guru of the Sikhs. There is another story to show the medicinal properties of the Pool. It was Rai Duni Chand, a Kadar (revenue collector) had a daughter, and her husband had been suffering from Leprosy. She was very depression due to her husband’s leprosy. She heard the news of sacred water in Amrit Sarowar and let him dip in the water. Once he dips into the pond, as soon as his leprosy vanished and lived together happily. Guru Ram Das visited this place and impressed with the beauty of the site and the value of the sacred water in the pool. He decided to found a place of pilgrimage around Amrit Sarowar. There were many stories about the sacred place, but Guru Ram Das was the cause to establish this Sikh pilgrimage center.
Construction of the Golden Temple:
The plans for the construction of the Golden Temple chalked out. Guru Amar Das conveyed to Ram Das for execution of the pilgrimage. Money and other needs arranged. Gradually the works started and the area had been developed as a city and devotional pilgrimage. The foundation of the village was laid by Guru Ram Das, so the village named Ram Das Pura.
The construction of the new Sikh centre started, some huts and houses also constructed around the sacred area. The excavation of the Santokhsar (first tank) started by Bhai Jetha. Later the excavation of the second tank named Amrit Sarowar started under the supervision of Ram Das. During the construction of the sacred monument, the village crowded and settled with fifty-two types of caste groups from Patti, Kasur and Kalanaur. In 1577 A.D the construction of both the tank and the town completed.