Terracotta art is one of the most influential art forms in India. It has a long history, and we can see the Terracotta art forms in several temples and the adjacent structures of the ancient period. Even the early Indus Valley citizens had also known about the terracotta art and also the Terrakota art objects found in the dwelling of the Indus Valley Civilisation site. During the ancient period, clay workers brought many forms to this artwork. In ancient times, stones are not readily available in Bengal. So the artists used clay for the terracotta architect works. Mainly the artists used the alluvial soil of the lower Bengal Basin. The architectural styles had been changed, and the artists brought wide varieties of art forms to Bengal.
The archaeological excavations at Paharpur and Mahasthangarh in Bengal indicate that the terracotta tiles were used to embellish temple facades. This artwork sustained long before the advent of Sultans to India. The makers of Terracotta were also proficient in wood carving and constructing temples. At first, they carved the wood in many designs and peculiar curved shapes and prepared the wood blocks in various formats. Later the artists press the clay on the wood designs and made several pieces in their plans. These designs are used thoroughly in the temples to bring an extra look for the viewers. At present, this technic of work and procedures has been used for interior and exterior decorations of buildings, shops and various constructions to bring a different look to the structures. The terracotta art depended on skill and hard work, so the art of work is in progress.
Various Forms of Terracotta Art in India
Terracotta Art is a part of Indian heritage and culture. It is an imaginary art skilled work and has been flourishing till today. The artisans imagine an art form and bring to life in the clay. Terracotta artworks spread all over the world, especially Europe is famous for them. However, Indian artists have been creating glazed pottery for thousands of years in India. Even Indian artists are favourite for making unglazed pottery items worldwide. The artisans contributed a lot to live Terracotta Art till now by transforming the art from one generation to other. At present, Indian artisans make the Terracotta items like statues, Diwali oil lamps, murals and decorative hanging bells. There is no village in India without Terracotta artisans so that India is famous for Terracotta Art.