Tribes of Andhra Pradesh
The tribal people of Andhra Pradesh are very progressive in their lives compared with other tribes in India. Andhra Pradesh tribes developed economically and technologically.
They are better equipped and have youth organisations. Here the Government is also taking preventive steps to control Malaria and concentrating on tribal youth education and better communication. There are nearly twenty varieties of tribes living in Andhra Pradesh. They live in forest-basedains of the East Godavari and Visakhapatnam districts. The tribes speak either Dravidian or Mundari dialects. Here we are giving some crucial tribes brief stories.
The Savara Tribes
These Savara tribes inhabit the districts of Visakha and Odisha. Their inhabited places are fully covered with lofty hills, darting mountain streams and deep gaping valleys. The people also have excellent skills in irrigation and supply water to every crop of their own. They are also good planners in constructing their houses and the aligned in parallel rows. Savara tribal people believe they are the descendants of the Sabaras who referred to Aita-reya Brahmana.
The Gadaba tribe
The Gadaba tribe is one of the tribal groups in Andhra Pradesh. They belonged to the Mundari dialect. They inhabit the areas of Malkangiri, Pattangi and Koraput areas. Their main occupations are cultivated hunting and fishing for their food supply. The Gadaba tribal women are skilled in weaving cloth.
They are skilled in weaving bark fibre cloth on miniature looms, which are manufactured independently. They follow a tradition that a Gadaba girl skilled in weaving the loom only qualifies for marriage. The Gadaba tribal women wear enormous wire rings and ear ornaments, which are very attractive.
The Koya Tribal People
The word Koya means ‘hill-dweller’. The Koya tribal people live in Godavari valley. This tribe has been changing itself according to society. The Koyas choose occupations like Carpentry, basket making, blacksmith and brass workers. However, social workers have been trying to assist them in bringing them into the mainstream of society. During the drought, the families depend on tamarind seeds and palm juice for their economic sources.
The Konda Reddis Tribes
Konda Reddis tribe speaks the Telugu language. They live in hilly regions accompanied by the Koya tribe. They are the rusting tribe. Still, they have noble qualities aristocratic past. Their lifestyle is very similar to the Koya tribe. Most of them are doing cultivation at present.