Muslim Sculptures Brief History:
Muslim sculptures are very famous in the world. The Muslim rulers built a large number of monuments, which still stand as the creativity and architecture. They played an important role in shining the glory of Indian art and architecture. In ancient times the Muslim invaders from Persia and Afghanistan had plundered the Hindu ancient temples and destroyed the beautiful architectures. Simultaneously the Muslim rulers brought many artists from their countries and encouraged them to construct beautiful monuments and enrich the beauty of Indian art and culture. Especially during the rule of Mughal Emperor, the emperors constructed very famous monuments, which are still attracting the tourists from all over the world. Few of them are Tajmahal, Red Fort, Humayun Tomb, Charminar and other.
Indo-Muslim Sculpture Styles:
These famous monuments are displaying the finesse of Indian Muslim sculptures. The great monument Tajmahal constructed with only white marble, which recognised as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Muslim invaders were also the art lovers. But with jealousy, they destroyed the beautiful monuments and temples which were constructed by Indian rulers earlier of Muslim invasions. However, they brought their own dogmas and styles of architecture and left their impact on Indian art and sculpture styles. Especially the Persian style of architecture merged with the Native Indian style of architecture and brought a new concept of Indo-Islamic architecture.
Sculptures at Early period of Mughals
At the beginning of Muslim sculptures and Architectures were much different with the local style of art. Later the years the Muslim rulers constructed the monuments with the Dome and local style of architecture. This dome is the main element of religious or secular buildings. However, the Dome structure became an important and magnificent structure in the Indian society.
Pietra Dure Inlay Work of Muslims:
Another important Muslim Indian sculpture style is the Pietra dure inlay work. This artwork performed for the decorative purpose. In this art form, the artists exquisitely cut the stone in designs and fitted with inlay works. These stones were very precious and different in sizes. These decorations were very attractive and the mix of slender technique. We can see the foliage sculptures and creepers in the Muslim constructed monuments. Especially the Mughal rulers and Delhi Sultans played the patron role to bring this art form into existence.
The Mughal architectures were the combination of Hindu and Persian styles. In these monuments, the Minarets, tomb sculptures, Jail windows and lofty miners were the symbols of Muslim constructions. Other important Mughal sculptures were calligraphy, we can see this style of art on the walls of Mosques and tombs. Here the artists carved the quotations of Holy Quran and Arabesque scriptures.