Indian Cave Paintings Brief History:
Indian Cave Paintings played an important role to know the Prehistorically Indian history and the lifestyle of ancient people in India. These Indian cave paintings are very ancient and some dated back to thousands of years. During the British rule, the British were failed to record these cave paintings. Even the Indian government also not interested in documenting all the cave paintings. Significantly the Indian archaeological department partially succeeded to do documenting the Indian Cave Paintings. These cave paintings also durability than most other art forms of India. So these cave paintings give us the lifestyle of prehistorical people. These cave paintings painted on the granite inside of the caves. So they were not breakable and terrible. The preserved paintings give us an idea about the ancient way of life and social activities of the people in those days. We can find here the perfect shaped rock cut sculptures, landscape paintings, religious paintings and the pictures of daily life events.
Cave Painting Styles:
Usually, the Indian cave paintings and rock-cut relief sculptures belong to ancient and prehistoric age. These can be found many parts from the Himalayas to the Southern parts of India. Especially the Bhimbetka rock caves in Madhya Pradesh, very magnificent and spread in five hundred caves. Here the paintings pictures on various subjects. These paintings painted by humans around 15,000 years ago. Surprisingly 2, 90,000 years old petroglyphs also we can find here. The historical Ajanta caves spread with magnificent paintings which give us information about the life events of Gautama Buddha. These paintings dated back to 1 st century BC and most of the paintings originally belonged 460 AD to 480 AD. Here the murals painted with rich colours and the themes revolve around the life tales of Lord Buddha. We can found here the Indian Goddess creatures like Nagas, Yakshas, Vrikshikas and some other. Other famous paintings we can find at Bagh Caves inMadhya Pradesh dated back to 4th to 6th century AD. If we look into Karnataka, Badami cave temples, they contain portray paintings of Lord Brahma riding his Swan.
South Indian Cave Paintings:
In South India, the Sittanavasal Cave paintings in Tamilnadu are very famous. These paintings belong to the period of 7th and 9th century AD. Here we can see the artwork spread on the ceiling and the pillars. These painting themes based on the stories of Samava-Sarana. Here other important paintings are Gods Apsaras, elephants and bulls. The another important cave is Armamalai, where we can see the pictures based on the theme of Jain religion, The Thirunadhiklara cave temple paintings portrayed from the Mahabharata and Ramayana stories. Saspol Caves in Jammu and Kashmir has special significance to the Buddhist monks. We can see here the paintings in dominated blue colour and in the style of Indo-Tibetan art.
These cave paintings made with the technique of tempera and fresco. Before going to paint, the surface plastered with the mixture of dung, hay, clay and lime. First kept the surface rough and later made it very smooth and dried it for some time. Later the artists show their skills according to the adopted themes.