Sarnath sculptures are world famous sculptures and the Indian Government adopted National Emblem from these Sarnath Sculpture. It is a very sacred place for the Buddhists and beautiful sites in the world. Every year thousands of Tourists are visiting this place. This place had significance historically and spiritually.
Lord Buddha Delivered his First Sermon at Sarnath:
Lord Buddha visited this place after his attainment and delivered his first speech. He introduced Buddhism from here only. Sarnath is famous for stupas. Here famous stupa is Ashoka stupa, from this stupa, Indian Government recognised ‘The Lion Capital on top of on Pillar’ as its emblem. Here we can see several Buddhist Buddhist structures, which indicating the glory of Buddhism in ancient period. At present, the monuments of Sarnath and several Buddhist structures represents the most expansive ruins of Buddhist trail. Here the structures are in the presence of complex structures of monasteries. Now they are in ruined condition. The Dhamekh Stupa has a great significance of seat of the Holy Buddha after Buddha attained the knowledge of knowing salvation for the sorrows, he came to Sarnath and seated in the pose of Padmasana. This same pose carved on this Dhamekh Stupa.
Ashoka Pillar at Sarnath:
Especially during the period of Ashoka, the great started the constructions in Sarnath. The constructions here completed during 5th and 6th century AD. Sarnath location seems in the shape of the cylindrical tower of around 30 meters high and all stupas made with solid rocks. Here the sculptures carved with all architectural techniques. The stupa decorated with beautiful panels carved with floral designs. The famous Dharmarajika Stupa, located at the west of Dhamek Stupa. Ashoka constructed this stupa in the third century B.C.
Mulgandhakuti temple is another Buddhist temple here. It is the chief shrine of Lord Buddha. It erected during the period of Gupta dynasty. When Buddha visited Saranadh, preferred to take rest and meditated here. So in the memory of Buddha, the Mulgandhakuti temple constructed.
During the 3rd century BC Ashoka the great visited Sarnath and laid the foundation for Buddhist Sangha here. In the memory of Ashoka’s visit, Ashoka pillar installed at Sarnath. The lion capital of Sarnath shows us the excellent specimen of Maurya art. We can see these stone sculptures at Meerut, Kausambi, Sankisa and Varanasi.