Sunga Dynasty Brief History:
Pushyamitra Sunga was the founder of Sunga Dynasty. In 187 B.C. he overthrew the Mouryas and became first Sunga ruler of Sunga dynasty. With Pushyamitra Sunga, there were another eight rulers ruled Sunga Dynasty. Among them Agnimitra, Vasumitra, Bhagavata and Devabhumi were the admirable rulers and stamp their presence with their administrate skills in Indian History. The last two empires only ruled for a long time.
As soon as Pushyamitra overthrow the Maurya king Brihadrata, he faced various rebellions within the kingdom. But he oppressed all and waged a few wars to stabilise his dynasty. According to the scriptures of Patanjali’s Mahabashva, Pushyamitra Sunga defeated Yavanas and became the strong king in his time.
Pushyamitra and Contradictions:
There are some contradictions about Pushyamitra defeating the Yavanas. But the historians believe Pushyamitra had his presence of establishing the Sunga Dynasty. Another evidence according to Malavikaganimtiram and Gargi-Samhita, Vasumitra the grandson of Pushyamitra defeated the Yavanas. However, Agnimmitra and Veerasenal both collated with each other and fought against Vidarbha ruler defeated them made the Sunga Dynasty very strong. Devabhuti was the last emperor of Sunga Dynasty. He was very fond of the company of women. So Vasudeva Kanva, the minister of Sungas was assassinated and established the Kanvas dynasty.
Administration of Sunga Dynasty:
Sungas administrated their kingdom with admirable decisions. They understand the problems of the people and supported them at every level. Sungas concentrated on irrigation projects and collected less amount of tax from the farmers. They primarily valued the development of cultural and social development. During their time Hinduism started emerging into the society and showed a wide impact on the people. Buddhism started declining and the king’s withdrawal of royal patronage. During Sungas the Buddhists were procured so that the Buddhist scriptures mentioned Sungas, an exaggerated account of their troubles. Another important event during the Sungas rule, they revived the caste system in the society and advocated about the social supremacy of Brahmins.
Hinduism and Caste System:
The Manusmriti also brought into the social life of the people and discussed the reassures the position of the Brahmins in the society. During the Sungas Dynasty, society changes itself and the impact of the Buddhism on the society started melting. Revived cast system lead to the emergence of mixed castes. The Indian society also started mixing with the foreigners. When the cast system interrupted into the society, the Brahmanism gradually transformed as the direction of Hinduism.
Sungas not only brought the revive of caste system but also concentrated on Art, Education and Philosophy. During the Sunga dynasty, the debates among the people rose on the religious politics and changed entire attitude of society towards Hinduism. The Kings cooperated the eminent persons to flourish the philosophical thoughts among the people. So that the famous Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras and the Mahabhashyas composed during the Sunga dynasty. The famous magnum opus Malavikaagnimitra also composed by Kalidasa in the early period of Sunga Dynasty.