Yoga Sutras Indians another invention:
Yoga sutras are invented by Indians, the Yoga classes have been conducting by gurus since thousands of years. The word Yoga is a Sanskrit word, which means ‘to add’, to join, to unite or to attach. Yoga is a 5000-year-old Indian body of knowledge. It means the union of the individual consciousness or soul with the consciousness the spirit of the Universe. According to Panini who wrote the YSutrastras, Yoga means concentration. The word concentration is familiar to the present Yoga world.
The origins of Yoga are a matter of debate since thousand years. Especially Yoga classes occurred in ancient India. Some excavations in Indus valley by historians found the coins of Pasupati, who worshiped by the Indus valley people. The figures in positions resembling Yoga or Meditation pose. So some said Yoga was born in Indus Valley civilization. The Yoga classes also practiced in those days.
The Philosophical school of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism have also followed the way of practicing yoga during 200B CE to 500 CE. In the 19th century, Yoga classes educated the western public along with other Indian philosophical topics. Yoga gurus from India traveled to western countries and conducted the Yoga classes there and explain the importance of Yoga in daily life. Among them, Swami Vivekananda the famous Indian philosopher worked very hard to evolutes the idea of doing Yoga by the western people. Later years it became very popular across the western world. Now across the world so many gurus conducting the Yoga class.
Yoga is a way of life that integrates all elements of ancient knowledge , which makes the practiser discipline uniting the body, mind and soul. That combines strengthening and straitening poses with deep breathing and relaxation.
In ancient scriptures:
Yoga is mentioned in Katha Upanishad, which composed fourth to third century BCE. The Upanishad says that Yoga is a way of mental activity concentrating mind and body at one point to lead a supreme state of relaxing.
-Maitrayaniya Upanishad also discussed Yoga.
-Yoga Vasistha which composed in 1 st and 2 nd millennium CE. Also discussed the methods in yoga.
Karma Yoga – f action.
Bhakti Yoga – Devotion.
Jnana Yoga – Symbolises Knowledge.
Mahabharata, Ramayana, Buddhist scriptures, Jainism and every scripture of India has been discussed these practices and its importance for the lead a peaceful life.
Patanjali Yoga Sutras:
1.Yama (the five abstantions) – Ahimsa(non-violence), Satya(truthfulness), Astaya(non stealing), Brahmacharya(celibacy)
- Niyama(the five observances) – Sauca(purity), Santosha(contentment), Tapas(perseverance), Svadhyaya(study of self) and Ishvara-panidarma(True self)
- Asana: Seated position used for meditation.
- Pranayama _ Suspending breath.
- Pratyahara – Withdrawal of the sense organs from external objects.
- Dharana – Fixing the concentration on a single object.
- Dhyana – Doing Meditation.
- Samadhi – Getting liberation from the sense.
[Will add some more articles to this topic]