Balagangadhara Tilak – The Symbol of Extremism
Lokmanya Tilak was born on 1856, his father Shri Gangadhar Tilak and Mother Parvathibai Gangadhar and well known as the Indian Nationalist. During the early 20th century the freedom movement filled with most Extremists. Among them, Tilak also the first one whose thoughts entirely filled with extremism and worked against the British with Extremist activities. He also called as the Father of Hindu Nationalism. Gangadhar maintained close relations with the mass and the first nationalist leader who maintained close relations with the masses.
Lokmanya Tilak Early Life
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was born in a Maratha Brahmin family. He was one of the first generation of India who completed his college education. In 1879 he started his career as a private school teacher in Pune and later turned as a journalist. During the teaching period, he set up the Deccan Education Society due to his criticism against Western education system. In leisure periods he participated in radical politics. In January 1890 he founded Poona New English School and had very knowledge in astronomy and Hinduism. Lokmanya had profound knowledge in Sanskrit and Mathematics subjects.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak Political Career:
In 1880 he decided to join in the national movement against the British rule. For nearly ten years he learned about the political views and world outlook. He changed his attitude after learning about the political views and World Outlook. At the meantime, he started two weekly newspapers the Mahratta and Kesari to enlighten the youth with his views on the society.In 1890 he withdrew from the Deccan Education Society due to some differences with the principle of the college and joined In Indian National Congress.
Up to 1897, the society occurred with many political variations. There were many differences between the ideas of Moderate Nationalists and Tilak. Later in 1895 sudden breaking asunder in the Deccan political society and the Maharashtra Nationalists Radical wing formed. Due to the subsequent reasons, Tilak arrests and sentenced to eighteen months imprisonment. In later years he became the symbol of the new age and the chief leader of the Democratic wing of the whole of India.
The career in Indian National Congress:
Lokmanya Tilak demanded the self-government or Swaraj. His efforts made British introduce the act of marriageable age of a child bride from 10 to 12. This was the first significant reform introduced by British 1857 rebellion. During that period Tilak activities turned as ‘Interference in Hindu Religion. Since then he was considered as a strong Hindu nationalist. In 1908 he was arrested and sent to Mandalay, Burma for imprisonment for six years. Again in 1916 he joined in National Congress and supported Home Rule movement.
Lokmanya Tilak Impact on Hindu Festivals:
He wants to bring the unity among the Indians, for this purpose introduced the Ganapati festival celebrations and Shivaji festival. Tilak intended these two festivals inculcate the spirit of nationalism among the youth. Gangadhar was not only an extremist but also a social reformer. Due to his efforts, the minimum age for marriage increased. He suggested his co-leaders write Hindi in Devanagari script and later accept the national language of India. Bal Gangadhar Tilak books were ‘Geeta Rahasya’ and ‘The Arctic Home of the Vedas. He was not only a freedom fighter but also a talented writer. Still, he seated in the hearts of the every Indian people.