Gwalior Fort is one of India’s most unique and fascinating Fort and is only 2 miles away from the city. There is a lot of history about the Fort to narrate. It spreads over 3 square kilometres on a rock hill called Gopachal and 2.4 km on the North-East side. The walls of the Fort rose to 35 feet in height and were constructed with complete sandstone to protect the invaders. Due to its structure, this is famous for being unconquerable and the safest system in India. Once, Mughal Dynasty founder Muhammad Babar said that the Fort was the Pearl in the Necklace of Forts of Hind.
Gwalior Fort and Impact on the Kings:
Many poets and artists probably mention Gwalior Fort’s glory in their works. According to the legendaries, Prince Surajsen built the Gwalior Fort. Later the city spreads on the surroundings of the Fort. Therefore, the Gwalior Fort and Gwalior city came into existence.
In the past, the Fort had been the centre of attraction for many rulers in North India. In the 15th century, the Gwalior ruler Raja Man Singh Tomar built the Fort into the strongest and made additional beautification works. After the beautification works were completed, the Fort became magnificent. Since the great Mughals, the Marathas and the British fought to occupy the Fort. Rani Laxmi Bhai also fought to occupy the Fort. After the great dynasties fell, the British fought for the Fort, and finally, the Fort returned to Scindias.
Gwalior Fort and Man Mandir:
Many historical monuments are seated inside the Fort. The Fort is divided into two parts, one is the main Fort, and another Part includes the Gurjari Mahal and Man Mandir. The tourists spent more time at the Main Fort due to its peculiar attractions. The Fort contains many entrances. The main entrance is Hathi Pul gate, and all the other entries are badalgarh Gate. The Fort was built on the top of the hill, and the walls were constructed along the hill’s periphery. The ramparts of the Fort connected with six towers for the soldiers to look after the Fort from enemies.
Gwalior Fort and Gujari Mahal:
Another attraction in the Fort is the Gujarati mahal. Raja Maan Singh built this Gujari mahal for his loving wife, Mrignayani. So the archaeological department Changed Gujari Mahal into a Museum. The museum showcases ancient historical objects from 1 st century BC to 2 nd Century BC. We can see here various Hindu and Jain sculptures in different styles.
Man Mandir Palace:
Man Singh Tomar built the man Mandir at the Northeast end of the Fort. Man Sing Tomar wants to keep the Mandir in the painting pattern. So the architect used turquoise, green and yellow style tiles in a geometric pattern. The inner side of the palace was ornamentally done with colourful tiles and carved brackets. Here few other magnificent structures are the oilman’s temple, built during the 8th century. Saas-Bahu temple was built in the 10th century. Gurudwara Data Bandi was created in memory of the sixth Sikh Guru, Hari Gobind. Additionally, there are around 4 Jain temples and 7 Hindu temples.