Chapora Fort History
Chapora Fort is located on the banks of Chapora River, Goa. This is one of the oldest forts in India and played important role in Indian history. In 1510 AD the Portuguese arrived in Goa and built a fort for their protection purpose. During the Mughal rule, the Emperor Akbar wanted to capture the fort to defy the Marathas who had been struggled the Mughal Emperors for a long time to establish the new Maratha Kingdom under Chatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj. In the way, Akbar captured the Chapora Fort in 1683 AD. Then the Marathas captured the fort from the Mughals. Again the Portuguese recovered the Fort from the Marathas and strengthened the fort for their defence and shelter to the people there.
The fort has been changing its structure and the present Fort was built on replacing the older in 1717 AD. The fort had been changed the hands up to the end of the 18th century. Later, the no other ruler interested in capturing the fort for military significance. So the fort became a pleasant place to the visitors and the views from the fort made a beautiful landmark in everyone’s heart. From the top of the Chapora Fort, we can see the fantastic views of the Arabian Sea, Chapora river to Pernem and other landscapes. In the evening time, the sunset and the rays of the sun on the banks of the river and water is a spectacular sight, one never forget the view.
Architecture of Chapora Fort
The fort was built to see all the directions clearly to see the enemies who were far from the sight. The walls of the fort also built at higher slopes which were difficult to climb and enter into the fort. The entry gate is very small, narrow and deep. On the top of all sides of the walls were covered with cannon to attack the enemies.
During the Portuguese occupation of the fort, they built a church inside of the fort and dedicated to St. Anthony and conducted the prayers also. However, during the exchanging of the fort in the hands of various Kings, the church lost its presence. Still, we can see some of the stones of the church and other materials of the Church.
Legend Behind Chapora Fort
There is a legend about the conquering the fort by the Marathas. Once Sambhaji wanted to conquer the fort to weak the Mughals in Westside. So he went to Goa to capture the fort. However, the walls of the fort are very slope and unable to scale. So Sambhaji clings the monitor lizards and easily breached the fort walls. Then the Portuguese general in charge look at the miracle and impressed the Maratha’s adventure. So he surrendered before the Marathas without a single shed of blood. Still, thousands of tourists visit the Fort and enjoy by looking at the surrounded landscapes.