Surat, Diamond City of India

Surat City is Famous as Diamond City

Surat city is an important industrial hub and commercial centre in the Indian state of Gujarat. The city is previously known as Suryapur. Surat’s History is also mentioned in Mahabharata and Ramayana. Usually, Lord Krishna stopped in the city on His way from Mathura to Dwaraka.┬áNow the city has become a great trading centre on the Indian map. The great China Explorer Hiuen Tsang also described the city as Sowrata and referred to the town as a significant business arena on the shore of the Arabian Sea.

surat city

Trading in Surat City

The City Port was considered necessary for trading, so the European, British and Portuguese waged battles against each other to gain control over the Surat City Port. Most of the European countries arrived in the city to trade their objects. So this place is called India’s western gateway of India. For the glory of Surat city, even in ancient times, people from various regions and kingdoms came to the town and flourished their traditions and cultures.

surat city

People follow old traditions and cultures in modern times, and their nature is soft. People in the city look very stylish and spirited outlook. Most of the people who use the language are Surat Gujrat. The town became world-famous for its diamond manufacturing industry. Here diamond industry is the world’s largest diamond manufacturing centre with over 5000 diamond units, and the diamond manufacturing units are the most advanced factories in the world.

Religious Harmony

In India, Surat History has a peculiar place for religious harmony. During the Muslim rulers and under the other dynasties, the people show their great communal harmony among them. Many people in the city belong to Hindus, and other minority communities like Muslims and Christians also inhabit Surat. The culture indicates consensus among all religious people. Hindu festivals like Navaratri, Diwali, and Makar Sankranti are celebrated enthusiastically. The other religious people also participate in these festivals and show their communal unity among them.

surat city
Surat History 

The presence of the city was mentioned in the 6th century A.D. Western Chalukyas conquered this place in 610 AD, and Hindu rulers controlled the area up to the 12th century. During the 12th century, Persian and Arab writers didn’t mention the city’s name. But the Indian scholars in those days called the place Suryapur, and the modern Surat was supposed to be built on the site of old Suryapur. But the glory of Surat City came into existence only after the Portuguese raided this city and settled for trading in the 16th century.

Surat Gujarat After Advent of British

The place became actual trading to European countries up to the 18th century. The city burned in 1512 and rebuilt in 1546 A.D. In 1559 A.D., the great Mughal emperor Akbar marched on the town; however, in 1572 A.D., Mirza, the great rebellion against Akbar, occupied the town. Finally, the city came under the control of the Mughal Emperor. During the region of Mughal rulers, the city played peace and prosperity among the people.