Vedas Very Ancient Sacred Books of Hindus:
Vedas are very ancient Books in the world history. The Hindu devotees worship these sacred books with utmost respect. The present concept of the Hinduism revolving around the Sacred Books. The Hinduism has been thriving by following the principles of Vedas. The word Veda means the root of knowing knowledge and also the self-realisation. The entire concept of the books gives us a lot of knowledge. The Rishis realised the importance of sacred ones and their principles, they interested to learn with the utmost respect. The pronouncing of the hymns of sacred books releases divine vibrations around us and the listener’s minds became very peaceful and experienced ecstasy. Still, many seers and scholars rediscovering the internal concepts of these sacred books.
In ancient times there were no printing materials to preserve the Vedas as a book. So the Rushis and priests learnt them orally from their masters and taught orally to their next generations. Like that the Vedas still alive and the texts pronounced as rhythmically from one to another in olden days. So that the concepts of Vedas have been transforming from one generation to another.
The Vedas divided into four parts, they are Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda. Due to the classification some sub-classifications also added to these four Vedas, they are Samhitas, Brahmans, Upanishads and Aranyakas. These four belonged to each of the four Vedas.
According to the History, the Rig Veda is the earliest literature in the world. The Veda has 1028 hymns of praise. In this Book discussed ‘Rta’, which means cosmic and sacred order and also discussed the harmonically integrated structure of reality. ‘Rta’ gives two world one is ‘Rite’ and another one is ‘right’.
The composition of Rig Veda has no historical determinable or not able to estimate the particular period of time. The Rig Veda was classified from the output of many sages and Rishis. They observed the nature and their visionary power; they added their views as Mantras, Songs and Prayers. These Views and Mantras collectively added as Rig Veda from various Sages and Rishis. These ideas of Rishis discussed the eternal truth of nature and the Universe.
Rig Veda is also a collection of hymns about the information of Rig Vedic civilisation. It contains Sanskrit mantras which are dated back to 12000 BC – 4000 BC. In Rig Veda, there are 1017 hymns, which has 10600 stanzas. In this book discussed the performance of ceremonies and rituals in the daily life of Hindus.
In Sama, Veda Rishis discussed the music. It is also mentioned about the appropriate time to sing hymns with correct modulations and intonations. Indian classical music roots are thoroughly discussed in Sama Veda.
The Atharva Veda discusses the ethical principles. Atharva Veda discussed the Ayurveda the science of health and remedies for some diseases. In this Veda Tantras and ritualistic esoteric knowledge also discussed.