Pulakesin II Brief History:
Pulakesin II was one of the greatest King of Chalukya Dynasty. He enthroned in 620 A.D. as soon as he came to the throne he restored peace and also granted pardon to all those who opposed his succession. He also strengthened law and order situation throughout his kingdom. After set right the peace and other primary needs of the people, and started his invasions on the enemies. His main aim in life was to expand his Chalukya Kingdom as big as possible. We can find his military achievements in his famous Aihole Prasasti inscriptions dated on 634-35 A.D.
Pulakesin II, A great warrior:
During his period he defeated Kadambas who live in a region called Banavasi, Moriyas of Konkana, Malavas, the Latas and Gurjaras. He also attacked the Kingdom of Pallavas and forced King Mahendra Varma to accept his superiority.
According to the Aihole Inscriptions, Pulakesin II defeated a race named Kadambas who lived in a region called Banavasi; subjugated the Gangas of South Mysore; defeated the Moriyas of Konkana; and, humbled some other races like the Malavas, the Latas, and the Gurjaras. He also conquered the region of Pistapura and appointed his own son as the Governor of that place. In the far south, Pulakesin II attacked the Kingdom of the Pallavas and forced King MahendraVarma I step down from the throne. His army crossed river Kaveri and compelled the rulers of Chola, Kerala and Pandya compelled them to accept his friendly diplomatic supremacy.
War with Harshavardhana:
Pulakesin II occupied entire South Indian territories and dominated all the princes with his high commendable nature. No one dares him to disturb or not put a glimpse on Pulakesin II kingdoms.
At the mean time, Emperor Harshavardhana was ruling entire North and want to show his supremacy in south India also. So he put attention towards the lands beyond the Vindhyas. So he started his huge army to conquer the South Indian territories. Pulakesin II heard this news and didn’t like to enter the Northern Army into his Empire. So with a large army Pulakesin II faced Harsha’s army. Both the armies fought in a fierce storm and Pulakesin II succeeded to resisted the army of Harsha and did not permit the invaders to advance towards the south. With the great force of Pulakesin Army, Harshavardhan gave up his thoughts of conquering the South Indian continents and returned to the North.
The emperor was not only a powerful King but also one of the most benevolent administrators of the Southern History. The celebrated Chinese Pilgrim Hiuen Tsang also visited the Kingdom of Chalukya and observed the administration system of Pulakesin II and praised him for his power and for his benevolent activities.
Final Days and Tragic Death:
Pulakesin II the great king who loved to fight battles and continued his fightings with other kings because of his lust for power. His aggressive nature was also one of the causes to participate frequently into the battlefields. His unsuccessful attempt on the Pallava Kingdom makes him shame and return to his capital without success. Soon the Pallava King Narasimha Varman invaded the Chalukya kingdom and surrounded its capital. During the resistance battle with Pallava soldiers, Pulakesin II lost his life in 642 A.D. Such way the great king also met the tragic death.